Regarding menstrual bleeding, 46 (54.1%) had continuous per vaginal bleeding, 33 (38.8%) had menorrhagia, four (4.7%) had inter-menstrual bleeding and two (2.4%) had menorrhagia along with polymenorrhea
. The cardiac surgery profile of the patients is shown in Table-I.
Among the menstrual irregularities, dysmenorrhea accounts the maximum of 22.6%, menorrhagia of 19.4%, oligomenorrhea of 18.3%, hypomenorrhea and polymenorrhea
of 14%, amenorrhea of 10.8%, and metrorrhagia of 1% (Figure 1).
Out of 10 hyperthyroid patients having menstrual irregularities 6 (60%) had oligomenorrhea whereas 4 (40%) had polymenorrhea
. As compared to this the two hypothyroid patients had oligomenorrhea.
This code can be reported when the medical record includes terms like excessive menstruation, heavy periods, menometrorrhagia, menorrhagia, or polymenorrhea
. If the condition is instead documented as postmenstrual bleeding, the code 626.8, Other disorders of menstruation and other abnormal bleeding from female genital tract should be reported.
Among battery plant and capacitor factory workers, 52 lead-exposed female workers were found to have a higher prevalence of menstrual abnormalities, including polymenorrhea
or hypermenorrhea and spontaneous abortion, than 62 controls randomly sampled from plant workers in non-lead-production departments (Tang and Zhu 2003).
A serious complication that may occur in the early posttransplant is polymenorrhea
. Given that this complication can occur even before the full hematological recovery, especially when the platelet count is still low, the control of bleeding may be really difficult to manage .
Menstrual dysfunction was historically defined in association with bleeding patterns (menorrhagia, amenorrhea, oligomenorrhea, polymenorrhea
), but now definitions based on ovarian function (anovulation, luteal deficiency) are also used.
Menstrual irregularities were present in 30(85.7 Percent) patients, 27(55.5 Percent) with oligomenorrhea, 2(5.7 Percent) with amenorrhea and 1(2.86 Percent) with polymenorrhea
. Out of these 15, 2 and 1 showed improvement, respectively.
In terms of menstrual cycle, little difference seems to exist between HIV-positive and HIV-negative women, although higher viral loads and lower CD4 cell counts may result in cycle variability and polymenorrhea
In an uncontrolled study, Vitex reduced elevated prolactin levels in 80% of 34 women with hyperprolactinemia at a dosage of 30-40 mg per day for one month and improved symptoms of a variety of menstrual disorders including secondary amenorrhea, cystic hyperplasia of the endometrium, deficient corpus luteum function, metrorrhagia, polymenorrhea
and oligomenorrhea (Bone 2003).
A large proportion of adolescent girls suffer from various gynecological problems, particularly menstrual irregularities such as menorrhagia, polymenorrhea
, oligomenorrhea, and dysmenorrhea.
Exclusion criteria included significant coagulation issues, endocrinopathy, ocular disease, pregnancy or lactation, endometrial abnormalities, cervical cancer, anovulatory dysfunctional uterine bleeding, metrorrhagia, menometrorrhagia, and polymenorrhea