polyglactin


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Related to polyglactin: Polydioxanone

suture

 [soo´chur]
1. sutura.
2. a stitch or series of stitches made to secure apposition of the edges of a surgical or traumatic wound; used also as a verb to indicate application of such stitches.
3. material used in closing a wound with stitches. adj., adj su´tural.
Various types of sutures. From Dorland's, 2000.
absorbable suture a strand of material that is used for closing wounds and becomes dissolved in the body fluids and disappears; types include surgical gut, tendon, and some synthetics.
apposition suture a superficial suture used for exact approximation of the cutaneous edges of a wound.
approximation suture a deep suture for securing apposition of the deep tissue of a wound.
buried suture one placed within the tissues and concealed by the skin.
catgut suture an absorbable suture made from surgical gut.
cobbler's suture double-armed suture.
collagen suture a suture made from the tendons of cattle, chemically treated, purified, and processed into strands; it is most often used in ophthalmologic surgery.
continuous suture one in which a continuous, uninterrupted length of material is used.
coronal suture the line of union between the frontal bone and the parietal bones.
cranial suture the lines of junction between the bones of the skull.
Czerny's suture
1. an intestinal suture in which the thread is passed through the mucous membrane only.
2. union of a ruptured tendon by splitting one of the ends and suturing the other end into the slit.
Czerny-Lembert suture a combination of the Czerny and the Lembert sutures.
double-armed suture one made with suture material threaded through a needle at each end. Called also cobbler's suture.
false suture a line of junction between apposed surfaces without fibrous union of the bones.
Gély's suture a continuous stitch for wounds of the intestine, made with a thread having a needle at each end.
interrupted suture one in which each stitch is made with a separate piece of material.
lambdoid suture the line of union between the upper borders of the occipital and parietal bones, shaped like the Greek letter lambda.
Lembert suture an inverting suture used in gastrointestinal surgery.
lock-stitch suture a continuous hemostatic suture used in intestinal surgery, in which the needle is, after each stitch, passed through the loop of the preceding stitch.
mattress suture suturing with the stitches parallel to the wound edges (horizontal mattress suture) or at right angles to them (vertical mattress suture).
purse-string suture a type of suture commonly used to bury the stump of the appendix, a continuous running suture being placed about the opening, and then drawn tight.
relaxation suture any suture so formed that it may be loosened to relieve tension as necessary.
retention suture a reinforcing suture made of exceptionally strong material such as wire, and including large amounts of tissue in each stitch. Used to relieve pressure on the primary suture line and to decrease the potential for wound dehiscence.
sagittal suture the line of union of the two parietal bones, dividing the skull anteroposteriorly into two symmetrical halves.
squamous suture the suture between the pars squamosa of the temporal bone and parietal bone.
subcuticular suture a method of skin closure involving placement of stitches in the subcuticular tissues parallel with the line of the wound.
synthetic absorbable suture an absorbable suture produced from strands of polymers; the most commonly used materials are polyglactin 910 (Vicryl) and polyglycolic acid (Dexon); the latter is more rapidly absorbed. Synthetic absorbable sutures are absorbed by slow hydrolysis, a chemical process in which the polymer reacts with tissue fluids, causing a breakdown of the molecular structure of the material at a predictable rate and with minimal tissue reaction.
vertical mattress suture a suture whose stitches are at right angles to the edges of the wound, taking both deep and superficial bites of tissue; the superficial ones achieve more exact apposition of the cutaneous margins. When the suture material is pulled tight, the wound edges evert.

polyglactin

(pol? e-glak' tin)
An absorbable polymer used to manufacture sutures and surgical mesh. Synonym: poly DL lactic acid; poly(D, L-lactic-co-glycolic acid)-methoxy-poly(ethyleneglycol) copolymer
References in periodicals archive ?
To evaluate the efficacy of antibacterial coated Polyglactin 910 suture (Vicryl Plus) compared with a traditional Polyglactin 910 suture (Vicryl) in reducing surgical site infection.
At all 3 hospitals, in tissue and mesh procedures, Polypropolene (Prolene[R]) material was used for floor repair, Polyglactin (Vicryl[R]) for sheath repair and Poliglecaprone (Monocryl[R]) for skin closure.
Conclusion: Black silk resulted in most pathogenic surgical site infections, followed by polypropylene and polyglactin 910.
The orbicularis was advanced superotemporally and secured to the outer rim periosteum and temporalis fascia with interrupted buried 4-0 polyglactin sutures.
The posthepatic septum was closed with 5-0 polyglactin 910 using a simple continuous pattern.
The perforation was sutured laparoscopically using a polyglactin 910 5-0 USP thread, in a simple interrupted pattern.
Polyglactin 910 was used in one eye, and suture type in the other was not noted in the operative report.
The fast-absorbing suture material polyglactin 910 offers the same results as nylon sutures when used to close punch biopsy sites, said Dr.
The abdomen was opened through a 3 cm lateral and transverse incision below the umbilical scar and was closed afterwards by suturing the external rectus abdominis muscle sheath with polyglactin 000.
The use of haemostatic cautery was kept minimum and ligatures were used when required utilising 4-0 polyglactin. A superiorly based partial thickness SCM flap was harvested, carefully preserving vascularity received from occipital artery and the same was rotated anteriorly to cover the defect over the facial nerve and its branches, retromandibular vein, the branches of the external carotid artery and masseter muscle.