polycystic ovarian disease


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polycystic ovarian disease

Polycystic ovaries, sclerocystic ovary disease, Stein-Leventhal syndrome Gynecology An idiopathic condition affecting 3.5-7.0% of ♀, and most common cause of familial hirsutism Clinical Obesity, hirsutism, galactorrhea, 2º amenorrhea following dysmenorrhea, acne vulgaris, and an ↑ risk of endometrial carcinoma due to unopposed estrogenic stimulation; PCO may be associated with CNS trauma or injury in childhood Diagnosis Palpation, ultrasonography Lab ↑ LH or LH/FSH ratio, ↑ prolactin, ↑ response to nafarelin–a GnRH-gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist that causes a ♂ pattern response, suggesting that PCO has defective regulation of 17-hydroxylase and C-17,20-lyase; sterility, menstrual abnormalities and hyperandrogenism ± associated with valproate therapy for epilepsy. See HAIR-AN syndrome.

polycystic

containing many cysts.

polycystic kidney disease
see polycystic kidney disease.
polycystic liver
congenital anomaly in which cystic remnants of the bile duct occur in the liver; the bile duct is patent; seen in kittens, pups, piglets.
polycystic ovarian disease
multiple thin-walled cysts in one or both ovaries of the mature bitch; may cause hyperestrogenism.
polycystic pancreas
cystic pancreatic and bile ducts and polycystic kidneys may occur in the same patient.
polycystic renal disease
see polycystic kidney disease.
References in periodicals archive ?
In their study, most of the patients (10/13) suffering from secondary amenorrhea (Duration 4-5 months) or oligomenorrhea were ultimately diagnosed to be cases of Polycystic Ovarian Disease (PCOD) based on clinical criteria of menstrual problems, features of hyperandrogenism and sonography findings.
For women, the scheme covers aliments such as ovarian cysts, polycystic ovarian disease and menstrual disorders that are not related to infertility.
Although it's primarily a diagnostic procedure, TVL can be used to perform adhesiolysis, treat mild to moderate endometriosis, and drill ovaries in patients with polycystic ovarian disease.
These comorbidities included hypertension, gastroesophageal reflux, apnea, asthma, degenerative joint disease, diabetes mellitus, and polycystic ovarian disease.
Keywords: Endometriosis Fibroid Hysterosalpingography Infertility Laparoscopy Polycystic ovarian disease.

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