They explain that multinationals running on polycentric
model allow their subsidiaries considerable measure of freedom with respect to decision making and personnel recruitment.
How can a close consideration of current institutional arrangements and power relations shaping forest access provide insight to help new actors in the context of REDD+ navigate complex systems of forest tenure in environments characterized by polycentric
connotes many centers of decision-making which are formally independent of each other.
This is where the reassertion of polycentric
modes of public governance, such as competitive federalism, step into the picture, as well as the need to revitalize institutions such as cross-checking legislatures, legislative-judicial separability, and so forth.
The problems of the world in this new polycentric
environment need commitment not only from Europeans and Americans, but also from Russia, China and the other emerging global and regional actors.
Cities underwent expansion and importance of Central Business District(CBD) area gradually decreased and urban form bridged the polycentric
The Russian Chairmanship in the SCO in 2015 resulted in reaching the new cooperation level among the member states, observers and dialogue partners that to a larger extent will facilitate the organization image in improving close partnership between different cultures and civilizations and playing the role of the basis for forming a polycentric
All these crises arise from systemic problems regarding attempts to freeze the process of forming polycentric
world," Lavrov said.
Only when the North collaborates as a proper, polycentric
urban system will it be able to act as a real counterweight to London and the South East.
This is linked to an objective process of forming a new and more polycentric
and democratic system of international relations that should reflect a geographic and civilizational variety of the modern world, or in other words, a body that pretends to play the role of global management and that should reflect the world in which this body exists," he said.
In sum, what ultimately accounts for the stability and workability of any given set of hard legal institutions (be it monocentric or polycentric
, coercive or voluntary, monopolistic or competitive, etc) is the underlying set of corresponding soft legal institutions, i.
history also explains why today all 16 states have sovereignty over their own cultural affairs -- and they include the three city-states of Hamburg, Bremen and Berlin.