Out of 45 known cases, 23 (51.1%) children had polyarthritis
type of JIA out of which 8 (17.8%) cases were RAF positive and 15 (33.3%) cases were RAF negative.
Glucocorticoids applied locally or intra-articularly are administered to treat monoarthritis, less frequently in polyarthritis
, enthesitis and dactylitis.
The differential includes polyarthralgias such as viral polyarthritis
, systemic rheumatic diseases, and osteoarthritis.
A diagnosis of AOSD should be kept in mind in case of pyrexia of unknown origin particularly in a patient who presents with high-grade intermittent fever, polyarthritis
and skin rash of more than two weeks duration.
Ighilahriz et al., "Polyarthritis
and papular eruption revealing leprosy," La Revue de Medecine Interne, vol.
Garg, "Clopidogrel-induced recurrent polyarthritis
," Journal of Investigative Medicine High Impact Case Reports, vol.
All patients were classified according to the ILAR revised criteria for JIA into the following categories: persistent or extended oligoarthritis, rheumatoid factor- (RF-) positive polyarthritis
, RF-negative polyarthritis
, systemic arthritis, psoriatic arthritis, and enthesitis-related arthritis .
Children with ARF present with one or more of the following features: fever, carditis, polyarthritis
, chorea, erythema marginatum, and subcutaneous nodules.
Patients can also present with mono or polyarthritis
hominis septic polyarthritis
in 2009 and was treated with multiple courses of antibiotics with no improvement.
Systemic manifestations include proximal myopathy, inflammatory polyarthritis
, central nervous system symptoms, esophageal aperistalsis, and hoarseness.
 The International League of Associations for Rheumatology classification system (second revision) divides JIA into seven subtypes: systemic arthritis, oligoarthritis, rheumatoid factor (RF) negative polyarthritis
, RF positive polyarthritis
, enthesitis-related arthritis, psoriatic arthritis, and undifferentiated arthritis.