poliovirus vaccines

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Related to poliovirus vaccines: poliomyelitis vaccine

po·li·o·vi·rus vac·cines

1. inactivated poliovirus vaccine (IPV), an aqueous suspension of inactivated strains of poliomyelitis virus (types 1, 2, and 3) used by injection; has largely been replaced by the oral vaccine;
2. oral poliovirus vaccine (OPV), an aqueous suspension of live, attenuated strains of poliomyelitis virus (types 1, 2, and 3) given orally for active immunization against poliomyelitis.
References in periodicals archive ?
the global leader in open innovation, crowdsourcing, and prize competitions, and BeyondPolio, an initiative of the Jonas Salk Legacy Foundation and the investment firm Spencer Trask, today announced the solutions of its first Innovation Challenge which sought to identify ways to reduce the cost and facilitate the use of the inactivated poliovirus vaccine (IPV) in low- and middle-income countries.
Moreover, WHO disallowed introduction of the alternate inactivated poliovirus vaccine (IPV), which has far superior VE and "herd effect" (6,8).
In Illinois during the early 1970s, weak links in maintenance of refrigeration facilities and use of outdated vaccines in vials exposed to the sun for long hours were reported for live poliovirus vaccines (3).
Recent theories of potential contamination of the monkey kidney cells, which are used to make poliovirus vaccines in the United States, prompted ONASCO to develop a totally synthetic poliovirus vaccine.