poliovirus


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poliovirus

 [po´le-o-vi″rus]
a species of enterovirus that is the etiologic agent of poliomyelitis. It is separable into three serotypes, designated types 1, 2, and 3, with type 1 being responsible for about 85 per cent of all cases of paralytic poliomyelitis and for most epidemics.

po·li·o·vi·rus

(pō'lē-ō-vī'rŭs),
An enterovirus in the family Picornaviridae. There are three distinct serotypes, with Type 1 responsible for 85% of the cases of paralytic polio and most epidemics.

poliovirus

(pō′lē-ō-vī′rəs)
n. pl. poliovi·ruses
An enterovirus, separable into three serotypes, that is the causative agent of poliomyelitis.

po·li·o·vi·rus

(pō'lē-ō-vī'rŭs)
An enterovirus in the family Picornaviridae. There are three distinct serotypes, with Type 1 responsible for 85% of the cases of paralytic polio and most epidemics.
References in periodicals archive ?
He said polio was a highly infectious disease caused by poliovirus mainly affecting children under the age of five.
The continued presence of poliovirus in the sewage of major cities posed risks to all vulnerable and unprotected children across Pakistan, he added.
The Philippines is also at risk of infection with poliovirus from neighboring countries where it was recently found to have recirculated.
A sample is deemed negative if the poliovirus is found in sewage.
Usman Adamu, the Incident Manager, National Emergency Operation Centre (NEOC) of the National Primary Health Care Development Agency (NPHCDA), Nigeria was on the verge of being declared a poliovirus free nation by the WHO before the current incident.
During this campaign, a total of 260,000 frontline workers will go door to door across all provinces and towns to ensure more than 39 million children receive two drops of the polio vaccine which will protect them against the poliovirus.
He explained that polio is caused by the poliovirus and the affected children can be paralyzed for life.He said there is no cure for polio, but prevention through immunization can reduce the chances of contracting the virus.
Prolonged person-to-person transmission of polio vaccine viruses in underimmunized populations can lead to emergence of outbreaks of paralysis from circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus (cVDPV).
He said that due to the negligence demonstrated by the polio eradication team in the district, seven polio workers were expelled last week as last year there had been no reports of poliovirus from tribal district.
The poliovirus therapy had in 2016 obtained "breakthrough therapy" designation from the US Food and Drug Administration.
Despite the current progress toward eradication of the disease, in 2014, the spread of wild poliovirus to polio-free countries was recognized as a Public Health Emergency of International Concern, (1) and there was a recent demonstration of silent circulation of wild poliovirus 1 in Israel.
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, wild poliovirus cases have declined more than 99.9% since 1988.