point prevalence

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Related to point prevalence: Period prevalence

point prevalence

The prevalence of a disease during a specified time.
See also: prevalence


the total number of cases of a specific disease in existence in a given population at a certain time, i.e. prevalence. See also cross-sectional study.

instantaneous prevalence
the prevalence at a particular moment. Called also spot prevalence.
period prevalence
the number of cases of a disease which occur during a specified period, e.g. annual, lifetime, as a percentage of the total or average total number of animals at risk during the same period.
point prevalence
as for period prevalence (above) except that the assessment is made at a specific point in time rather than over a period, a rather impractical exercise.
prevalence rate
the number of patients who have the disease at a particular time, divided by the population at risk of having the disease at that time.
spot prevalence
see instantaneous prevalence (above).
References in periodicals archive ?
While overall compliance in this and earlier point prevalence studies (20,37) was relatively high, the wide range in compliance across ICUs (50 to 100%) may reflect disparate views by clinicians.
In addition, an overview of studies that have taken place in low-income countries since 1983 estimated the one-week prevalence of knee pain in people 15 years and over to be 14% (Davatchi 2006), whereas the point prevalence of knee pain in our cohort was substantially higher at 25% (95% CI 20 to 30).
Descriptive statistics are presented for the life, month, and point prevalence of neck/shoulder pain.
12] Estimates of the point prevalence of otitis media in SA rural populations varied from 6.
Systematic review and meta-analysis of data on point prevalence of hepatitis B in India.
The point prevalence of alcohol dependence and abuse was almost 10% among the rescue workers, similar to the 12-month prevalence reported in the general population.
difficile PCR-ribotypes across European countries and disparity of 027 prevalence; Results of the European, multi-centre, prospective bi-annual point prevalence study of Clostridium difficile infection in hospitalised patients with diarrhoea (EUCLID).
The point prevalences of panic and generalized anxiety (both about 6%) among the participants were two to four times the 12-month prevalences reported in the general population.
A point prevalence survey of hospital inpatients to define the proportion with palliation as the primary goal of care and the need for specialist palliative care.
Today marks the launch of the EU ropean, multi-centre, prospective bi-annual point prevalence study of CL ostridium difficile I nfection in hospitalised patients with D iarrhoea (EUCLID), the largest study of the prevalence of CDI ever conducted in Europe.
We present a pilot study investigating the point prevalence of anaemia among children visiting a community health centre in Thohoyandou, Limpopo Province.
A top-level think tank on KwaZulu-Natal's perplexing 'outbreak' of XDR-TB has recommended urgent inpatient point prevalence surveys and better screening of HIV-positive TB-symptomatic patients in order to better assess its country-wide extent.