(1-3) Pneumorrhachis is characterized by the presence of ectopic air in the spinal canal.
reported a 14-years-old female who presented with chest pain that is complicated with spontaneous pneumomediastinum and pneumorrhachis. (7) Pneumorrhachis can be seen in epidural anesthesia, epidural abscess, lumbar puncture, scalp or spinal injuries, and traumatic pneumothorax or pneumomediastinum.
Pneumorrhachis was first reported in 1977 by Gordon et al, (2) and was given the name pneumorrhachis in 1987.
Rarely, there are symptoms associated with pneumorrhachis, and therefore there are no international guidelines for the management of this finding.
Post-traumatic pneumorrhachis in a dog American Staffordshire Terrier breed
Pneumorrhachis pos-traumatico em um cao da raca American Staffordshire Terrier
Haktanir, "Pneumocephalus and pneumorrhachis
after spinal surgery: Case report and review of the literature," Neurologia Medico-Chirurgica, vol.
(PR) is a clinical entity, consisting of intraspinal air.
Two patients with H1N1 infection showed PNX, while another three children showed severe respiratory complications, such as pneumopericardium, pneumomediastinum, and pneumorrhachis
at chest CT scan (Table 1).
Simultaneous occurrence of spontaneous pneumothorax with pneumomediastinum and pneumorrhachis
: report of a case.