pneumoperitoneum


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pneumoperitoneum

 [noo″mo-per″ĭ-to-ne´um]
the presence of air or gas in the peritoneal cavity, occurring pathologically or introduced intentionally.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

pneu·mo·per·i·to·ne·um

(nū'mō-per'i-tō-nē'ŭm),
Presence of air or gas in the peritoneal cavity as a result of disease, or produced artificially in the abdomen to achieve exposure during laparoscopic surgery.
[G. pneuma, air, + peritoneum]
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

pneu·mo·per·i·to·ne·um

(nū'mō-per'i-tō-nē'ŭm)
Presence of air or gas in the peritoneal cavity as a result of disease, or produced artificially in the abdomen to achieve exposure during laparoscopy and laporoscopic surgery for treatment of pulmonary or intestinal tuberculosis, bronchiectasis, tuberculous empyema, and certain other conditions.
[G. pneuma, air, + peritoneum]
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012

pneumoperitoneum

Air in the PERITONEAL CAVITY.
Collins Dictionary of Medicine © Robert M. Youngson 2004, 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Then after starting and up to 40 mins of pneumoperitoneum SBP was significantly lower with dexmedetomidine than with magnesium sulphate and control groups (p value < 0.05).
However, because laparoscopy is relatively new, it still arouses controversy, particularly with regard to the best method for the creation of the pneumoperitoneum. Traditional closed method of pneumoperitoneum involves initial blind entry into abdomen and more than half of such injuries are related to this primary blind access and occur before the start of actual anatomic dissection.
Again, 3 consecutive failures were taken as 'Failed procedure' and the pneumoperitoneum was created by open method.
Tension pneumoperitoneum means that the intra-peritoneal air exerts so much pressure on the circulatory and respiratory systems that it causes respiratory distress and hypotension.
Pneumoperitoneum was created by intraperitoneal insufflation of C[O.sub.2], with the patient in the supine position.
Bedsides, chest X-ray was negative for tympanic abdomen or pneumoperitoneum. At that point an exploratory laparotomy was decided upon.
The Hasson technique was used to create pneumoperitoneum 2 cm above the umbilicus, and three operative trocars were placed in the same sites of the previous operation (one 12 mm trocar in the left hypochondrium and two 5 mm trocars, respectively, under the xiphoid and in the right hypochondrium).
A veress needle was inserted along the lower edge of navel to establish CO2 pneumoperitoneum; pressure was kept at 8~10 mmHg.
Pneumoperitoneum was observed on abdominal X-ray in standing position (Figure 1).
This increased pressure is well known to affect acute glaucoma due to increased venous pressure within the eye and is further increased by carbon dioxide retention from pneumoperitoneum during laparoscopic surgery [5, 6].

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