pneumoperitoneum


Also found in: Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

pneumoperitoneum

 [noo″mo-per″ĭ-to-ne´um]
the presence of air or gas in the peritoneal cavity, occurring pathologically or introduced intentionally.

pneu·mo·per·i·to·ne·um

(nū'mō-per'i-tō-nē'ŭm),
Presence of air or gas in the peritoneal cavity as a result of disease, or produced artificially in the abdomen to achieve exposure during laparoscopic surgery.
[G. pneuma, air, + peritoneum]

pneumoperitoneum

/pneu·mo·peri·to·ne·um/ (-per″ĭ-to-ne´um) air or gas in the peritoneal cavity.

pneumoperitoneum

[no̅o̅′mōper′itənē′əm, -per′itənē′əm]
Etymology: Gk, pneuma, air, peri, around, teinein, to stretch
the presence of air or gas within the peritoneal cavity of the abdomen. It may be spontaneous, such as from rupture of a hollow, gas-containing organ, or induced for diagnostic or therapeutic purposes.

pneu·mo·per·i·to·ne·um

(nū'mō-per'i-tō-nē'ŭm)
Presence of air or gas in the peritoneal cavity as a result of disease, or produced artificially in the abdomen to achieve exposure during laparoscopy and laporoscopic surgery for treatment of pulmonary or intestinal tuberculosis, bronchiectasis, tuberculous empyema, and certain other conditions.
[G. pneuma, air, + peritoneum]

pneumoperitoneum

Air in the PERITONEAL CAVITY.

pneumoperitoneum

the presence of air or gas in the peritoneal cavity, occurring pathologically or introduced intentionally.
References in periodicals archive ?
The higher pneumoperitoneum pressures are, the harder it is to ventilate," Dr.
Pneumoperitoneum from cardiopulmonary resuscitation, mechanical ventilation, and tracheal rupture has been recognized in literature since the early 1940's.
Laparoscopic surgery for the abdominal visceral organs requires pneumoperitoneum and the Trendelenburg position to optimise surgical conditions, and can reduce cardiac output and respiratory compliance (10).
Tension pneumoperitoneum as an early complication after adenotonsillectomy.
The tamponade effect of the pneumoperitoneum limits venous bleeding during the operation; our robotic prostatectomy patients have had higher serum hematocrit levels at discharge than our open surgery patients, and none have required transfusion of blood products.
This report analyzes the worldwide markets for Special Purpose Needles in US$ Million by the following Product Segments: Acupuncture Needles, Aspirating Needles, Biopsy Needles, Blood Collection Needles, Blunt Needles, Bone Marrow Needles, Cardiology Needles, Catheter Needles, Dental Needles, Dialysis Needles, Electrode Needles, Endoscopy Needles, Epidural Needles, Fistula Needles, Hypodermic Needles, Intra-arterial Needles, Intravenous Needles, Ophthalmic Needles, Pneumoperitoneum Needles, Radiology Needles, Spinal Needles, and Suture Needles.
It is ideal for MIS procedures in multiple specialties including Urology, Gynecology, Colorectal, Bariatric and General Surgery and is the only system that maintains stable pneumoperitoneum (abdominal insufflation) within a narrow range of the desired pressure during laparoscopic surgery.
2] insufflation may result in increased exfoliation, while the pneumoperitoneum facilitates spread of cancer cells through aerolization and a chimney effect.
Esophageal perforation, generalized peritonitis, pneumoperitoneum, bleeding, and gastrocolic fistula are known complications that are recognized perioperatively (3).
Morcellating safely in laparoscopic hysterectomy or myomectomy involves not only the use of a bag, but also the creation of an artificial pneumoperitoneum inside the bag.
A portable supine abdominal radiograph demonstrated the Rigler's and football signs in keeping with a pneumoperitoneum (Fig.
Erect chest and abdominal radiographs demonstrated mildly dilated small bowel loops with air throughout the colon, but no evidence of pneumoperitoneum.