pneumoperitoneum


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pneumoperitoneum

 [noo″mo-per″ĭ-to-ne´um]
the presence of air or gas in the peritoneal cavity, occurring pathologically or introduced intentionally.

pneu·mo·per·i·to·ne·um

(nū'mō-per'i-tō-nē'ŭm),
Presence of air or gas in the peritoneal cavity as a result of disease, or produced artificially in the abdomen to achieve exposure during laparoscopic surgery.
[G. pneuma, air, + peritoneum]

pneumoperitoneum

/pneu·mo·peri·to·ne·um/ (-per″ĭ-to-ne´um) air or gas in the peritoneal cavity.

pneumoperitoneum

[no̅o̅′mōper′itənē′əm, -per′itənē′əm]
Etymology: Gk, pneuma, air, peri, around, teinein, to stretch
the presence of air or gas within the peritoneal cavity of the abdomen. It may be spontaneous, such as from rupture of a hollow, gas-containing organ, or induced for diagnostic or therapeutic purposes.

pneu·mo·per·i·to·ne·um

(nū'mō-per'i-tō-nē'ŭm)
Presence of air or gas in the peritoneal cavity as a result of disease, or produced artificially in the abdomen to achieve exposure during laparoscopy and laporoscopic surgery for treatment of pulmonary or intestinal tuberculosis, bronchiectasis, tuberculous empyema, and certain other conditions.
[G. pneuma, air, + peritoneum]

pneumoperitoneum

Air in the PERITONEAL CAVITY.

pneumoperitoneum

the presence of air or gas in the peritoneal cavity, occurring pathologically or introduced intentionally.
References in periodicals archive ?
Comparative cardiopulmonary effects of carbon dioxide versus helium pneumoperitoneum.
This may be counterproductive if the pneumoperitoneum is sacrificed and paradoxically leads to more bleeding and even more suctioning.
Management of pneumoperitoneum includes a prompt surgical consult for a possible emergent laparotomy, nasogastric suctioning, supportive measures for blood pressure, and broad-spectrum antibiotics such as a fourth-generation penicillin or a third-generation cephalosporin plus metronidazole.
Establishing a pneumoperitoneum increases systemic vascular resistance, decreases cardiac index, and transiently increases mean arterial pressure.
After establishing the pneumoperitoneum by Veress needle or by Hasson technique, three to four trocars are usually placed between the midclavicular line and anterior axillary line 2 cm caudally to the costal margin.
Tension pneumoperitoneum as an early complication after adenotonsillectomy.
The tamponade effect of the pneumoperitoneum limits venous bleeding during the operation: our robotic prostatectomy patients have had higher serum hematocrit levels at discharge than our open surgery patients, and none have required transfusion of-blood products.
The tamponade effect of the pneumoperitoneum limits venous bleeding during the operation; our robotic prostatectomy patients have had higher serum hematocrit levels at discharge than our open surgery patients, and none have required transfusion of blood products.
However, complications such as rectal perforation, pneumoperitoneum, bleeding, and nosocomial infections have been described in the literature.
Three patients had pneumoperitoneum related to PEG insertion; one developed peritonitis which settled with conservative management; a second patient developed pneumoperitoneum and PEG insertion was abandoned with successful insertion 2 weeks later; a third developed pneumoperitoneum on two consecutive attempts at PEG insertion 2 weeks apart.
This report analyzes the worldwide markets for Special Purpose Needles in US$ Million by the following Product Segments: Acupuncture Needles, Aspirating Needles, Biopsy Needles, Blood Collection Needles, Blunt Needles, Bone Marrow Needles, Cardiology Needles, Catheter Needles, Dental Needles, Dialysis Needles, Electrode Needles, Endoscopy Needles, Epidural Needles, Fistula Needles, Hypodermic Needles, Intra-arterial Needles, Intravenous Needles, Ophthalmic Needles, Pneumoperitoneum Needles, Radiology Needles, Spinal Needles, and Suture Needles.