For this purpose, pneumonia, enteritis and pneumoenteritis cases which are frequently observed in neonatal calves were used.
On the basis of clinical examination, the calves diagnosed with abnormal sound in lung auscultation, dyspnea, cough, nasal discharge, anorexia, depression, hyper salivation, lacrimation and accessible mucosal surface lesions were selected for pneumonia group (Group P, n = 20); the ones diagnosed with anorexia, depression, accessible mucosal surface lesions and diarrhea formed enteritis group (Group E, n = 20) as the calves with lung auscultation, dyspnoea, cough, nasal discharge, anorexia, depression, hyper salivation, lacrimation, accessible mucosal surface lesions and diarrhea were chosen for the Pneumoenteritis group (Group PE, n = 20).
The average body temperatures ([degrees]C) of the calves in the presented study groups, in a statistically significant manner (P < 0.0001), were detected as 38.12 [+ or -] 0.12[degrees]C in the Control group (C), 40.21 [+ or -] 0.13[degrees]C in Pneumonia Group (P), 40.27 [+ or -] 0.18[degrees]C in enteritis group (E), and 40.14 [+ or -] 0.14[degrees]C in pneumoenteritis group (PE) (Table 1).
In the same study, the calves were clinically diagnosed with diarrhea, high fever and an increase in respiratory rate; WBC value presented no variations in calves with viral and bacterial pneumoenteritis whereas the concentration of SAA proved to be high in pneumonia and pneumoenteritis cases based on Pasteurella (NIKUNEN et al., 2007).
(2010) performed experimental BVDV, mannheimia hemaloytica (mh) and BVDV+mh applications on calves, thus created pneumonia, pneumoenteritis and enteritis in calves.
Regarding the results obtained from the presented study, it has been identified that haematological and biochemical parameters accompanied clinical symptoms of the elevation in serum SAA concentration in calves with pneumonia, pneumoenteritis and enteritis.