pneumocyte


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al·ve·o·lar cell

any of the cells lining the alveoli of the lung, including the squamous alveolar cells, the great alveolar cells, and the alveolar macrophages.
Synonym(s): pneumocyte

pneumocyte

(nū′mō-sīt)
Either of the two types of cells that form the alveoli of the lung. Type I cells are simple squamous epithelium that permit gas exchange. Type II cells are rounded and produce surfactant.

pneumocyte

includes granular and alveolar pneumocytes; see alveolar2 cell.
References in periodicals archive ?
They also suggested KL-6 was a sensitive indicator of type II pneumocyte damage, increased permeability of the air-blood barrier, and destruction of the healthy lung parenchyma.
The pathologic findings revealed that the lesions were multifocal and pneumocyte hyperplasia with atypical epithelial cells [Figure 1]c.
Respiration epithelial cells of posterior intestine are a kind of modified squamous epithelial cells which show the ultrastructural characteristics of both types I and II pneumocyte of lung alveoli in mammals.
Specific histopathologic features like epidermal hyperplasia with ballooning degeneration and the presence of intracytoplasmic eosinophilic inclusion bodies associated with hyperplasia of pneumocyte type II were seen in the affected animals.
Recently, we reported that SPP1 promotes pneumocyte growth and that [Spp1.
Pneumocyte biomarkers KL-6 and surfactant protein D reflect the distinct findings of high-resolution computed tomography in nonspecific interstitial pneumonia.
Cuboidal surface cells are morphologically resembling type II pneumocyte.
Mutational and radiographic analysis of pulmonary disease consistent with lymphangioleiomyomatosis and micronodular pneumocyte hyperplasia in women with tuberous sclerosis.
It is known that pneumocyte type II (P2) is the main source of phospholipid and protein components of pulmonary surfactant (Enhorning, 2008).
9) Pneumocystis is primarily an alveolar pathogen that does not invade the pneumocyte to which it tightly adheres.
31) Vitamin A deficiency produces profound morphologic alterations in liver and lung parenchyma and impairs pneumocyte function.