pneumococcal meningitis


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pneumococcal meningitis

Etymology: Gk, pneumon, lung, kokkos, berry, meninx, membrane, itis, inflammation
meningitis caused by pneumococcal infection. See also Streptococcus pneumoniae.

pneumococcal meningitis

Neurology Meningitis caused by S pneumoniae, the most common meningitis pathogen in adults, and 2nd most common in children > age 6, which typically has an abrupt onset Risk factors Recurrent meningitis, meningitis with CSF leak, type 2 DM, head trauma, alcohol use, recent RTI, infective endocarditis, or recent ear infection. See Meningitis.

pneumococcal meningitis

Meningitis due to Streptococcus pneumoniae, a disease predominantly found in adults. In the U.S., about 20% of affected patients die. Because of the worldwide emergence of streptococcal resistance to penicillins, chloramphenicol, and cephalosporins, vancomycin, rifampin, and other antibacterial agents are used to treat this infection. Intravenous steroids (such as dexamethasone) given at the beginning of therapy decrease the risk of death and disability caused by this infection.
See also: meningitis
References in periodicals archive ?
pneumoniae has been previously documented as the predominant pathogen at the beginning of meningitis outbreaks in Ghana, and it is not uncommon to identify cases of pneumococcal meningitis during meningococcal meningitis outbreaks (6).
Adult pneumococcal meningitis presenting with normocellular cerebrospinal fluid: Two case reports.
All our patients with pneumococcal meningitis survived, except one with diabetic mellitus who succumbed despite treatment with Ceftriaxone and Vancomycin; 50% of the Gram negative isolates were multidrug resistant.
Clinical outcome of pneumococcal meningitis during the emergence of penicillin-resistant Streptococcus pneumoniae: an observational study.
He contracted pneumococcal meningitis again but septicaemia made it more serious.
We've had huge support from Meningitis Research Foundation (MRF) since then as we knew very little about pneumococcal meningitis and wanted to find out as much as we could.
Joe died of pneumococcal meningitis, an inflammation of the lining of the brain and spinal cord.
She was brought to her pediatrician, then transferred immediately to a local medical center, where she was diagnosed with pneumococcal meningitis, hypoxic brain injury, and hydrocephalus and hospitalized for nearly a month.
Vaccination programmes have already been used for pneumococcal meningitis and the C and Hib strains.
The brilliant musician died after the bacterial infection pneumococcal meningitis, which causes inflammation of the lining around the brain and spinal cord, rapidly took hold of the "perfect" schoolgirl.

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