pneumococcal meningitis


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Encyclopedia.

pneumococcal meningitis

Neurology Meningitis caused by S pneumoniae, the most common meningitis pathogen in adults, and 2nd most common in children > age 6, which typically has an abrupt onset Risk factors Recurrent meningitis, meningitis with CSF leak, type 2 DM, head trauma, alcohol use, recent RTI, infective endocarditis, or recent ear infection. See Meningitis.

pneumococcal meningitis

Meningitis due to Streptococcus pneumoniae, a disease predominantly found in adults. In the U.S., about 20% of affected patients die. Because of the worldwide emergence of streptococcal resistance to penicillins, chloramphenicol, and cephalosporins, vancomycin, rifampin, and other antibacterial agents are used to treat this infection. Intravenous steroids (such as dexamethasone) given at the beginning of therapy decrease the risk of death and disability caused by this infection.
See also: meningitis
References in periodicals archive ?
Syndromes included in this projection were AOM, clinical pneumonia (without radiologic evidence of consolidation), radiologically confirmed pneumonia (with radiologic evidence of consolidation or pleural effusion), pneumococcal sepsis, and pneumococcal meningitis. These syndromes are mutually exclusive and therefore all-IPD and pneumococcal pneumonia were not included in the projections.
Although combination therapy has been recommended for children with pneumococcal meningitis, the data showed no clinical benefit from early vancomycin dosing.
Because of the success in reducing pneumococcal meningitis in the youngest age group, the median age of patients rose to 39 years.
If the bug crosses into the meninges which line the brain, it causes pneumococcal meningitis.
ADVICE ON SYMPTOMS TO LOOK FOR MOST people come into contact with the bacteria which can cause pneumococcal meningitis every so often and remain well.
It was at home that Sam was discharged to die from Bristol Royal Hospital for Sick Children in late May this year after being given no chance of survival from pneumococcal meningitis.
Dr Peter Cooper, a forensic pathologist, told the inquest: "The head injury did not cause the infection but it may have made it worse or stopped the medication from working.The cause of death was pneumococcal meningitis."
At 4.45pm Sara suffered a convulsion while being breast-fed and was taken to hospital, where a lumbar puncture showed her spinal fluid was "packed" with pneumococcal meningitis bacteria.
London, Jan 15 (ANI): A standard paediatric vaccine for preventing common life-threatening infections can also be effective against pneumococcal meningitis in both children and adults, say researchers.
I WAS deeply saddened to read in the Record about the death of 17-year-old Emma Hepburn from pneumococcal meningitis.
In the vaccine introduction strategy, each child born had a probability of developing acute otitis media due to any cause, clinical pneumonia due to any cause, chest x-ray-confirmed pneumonia due to any cause, pneumococcal sepsis, or pneumococcal meningitis. We chose to analyze acute otitis media and pneumonia due to any cause, rather than pneumococcal otitis or pneumococcal pneumonia, to take advantage of clinical trial data, which present vaccine efficacies against all-cause disease for these syndromes, rather than pneumococcal disease (18-20).

Full browser ?