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Etymology: Gk, pneumon, lung, kokkos, berry, meninx, membrane, itis, inflammation
meningitis caused by pneumococcal infection. See also Streptococcus pneumoniae.
pneumococcal meningitisNeurology Meningitis caused by S pneumoniae, the most common meningitis pathogen in adults, and 2nd most common in children > age 6, which typically has an abrupt onset Risk factors Recurrent meningitis, meningitis with CSF leak, type 2 DM, head trauma, alcohol use, recent RTI, infective endocarditis, or recent ear infection. See Meningitis.
Meningitis due to Streptococcus pneumoniae, a disease predominantly found in adults. In the U.S., about 20% of affected patients die. Because of the worldwide emergence of streptococcal resistance to penicillins, chloramphenicol, and cephalosporins, vancomycin, rifampin, and other antibacterial agents are used to treat this infection. Intravenous steroids (such as dexamethasone) given at the beginning of therapy decrease the risk of death and disability caused by this infection.
See also: meningitis