Smoking, alcoholism and certain chronic medical conditions, such as diabetes, asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) or a suppressed immune system, increase your risk for pneumococcal
Hong Kong residents aged 65 or above eligible to receive pneumococcal
vaccination include patients with high-risk conditions attending public clinics or in-patients under the HA, or Comprehensive Social Security Allowance (CSSA) recipients or holders of a valid Certificate for Wavier of Medical Charges issued by Social Welfare Department.
Studies suggest that invasive pneumococcal
disease rates are falling in people with HIV, but these studies lack an HIV-negative comparison group similar to the HIV group analyzed.
The introduction of pneumococcal
conjugated vaccines into international immunization programs has caused a considerable worldwide decline in the incidence of pneumococcal
Streptococcus pneumoniae (SPN), the leading cause of community-acquired pneumonia, cause a wide spectrum of illnesses from upper respiratory tract infection to invasive pneumococcal
Younger children are at higher risk for pneumococcal
disease, including children who are less than two years of age, children who attend group child daycare centres, or children who suffer specific diseases such as sickle cell disease, AIDs, or chronic heart or lung diseases.
In Brazil, PCV7 was incorporated into the National Immunization Program in 2002, available only to children under five years of age at high risk of pneumococcal
To help prevent transmission of pneumococcal
disease, there's a need to reduce the nasopharyngeal carriage of the bacteria.
These factors include the risk window for protection against disease caused by serotypes unique to PPSV23, the timing for the next visit to the vaccination provider, as well as revised Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) regulations allowing for coverage of the two pneumococcal
vaccines when given in series and administered 1 year apart.
Since the inception of ABCs, numerous publications have drawn heavily on primary analysis of ABCs pneumococcal
data, and many others have incorporated secondary analyses of data published in peer-reviewed literature.
The reduction in carriage of serotypes with a high capacity to colonise may also contribute to a reduction in antibiotic resistance, spread and burden of pneumococcal
While incidence of invasive pneumococcal
diseases caused by PCV13 serotypes has dropped 50% since 2010 because of indirect effects from pediatric vaccination efforts, 20%-25% of invasive pneumococcal
diseases in people aged older than 65 years are still caused by PCV13 serotypes, the ACIP noted (Ann.