pneumocephalus


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pneumocephalus

 [noo″mo-sef´ah-lus]
air in the intracranial cavity.

pneu·mo·ceph·a·lus

(nū'mō-sef'ă-lŭs),
Presence of air or gas within the cranial cavity.
[G. pneuma, air, + kephalē, head]

pneumocephalus

/pneu·mo·ceph·a·lus/ (-sef´ah-lus) air in the intracranial cavity.

pneumocephalus

[no̅o̅′mō·sef′ə·ləs]
Etymology: Gr, pneuma air + kephalē head
the presence of air in the intracranial cavity. Also called intracranial pneumatocele, pneumatocephalus, pneumocrania, pneumoencephalocele.

pneu·mo·ceph·a·lus

(nū'mō-sef'ă-lŭs)
Presence of air or gas within the cranial cavity.
[G. pneuma, air, + kephalē, head]

pneumocephalus

air in the intracranial cavity.
References in periodicals archive ?
Other helpful clues to subtle calvarial fractures include pneumocephalus, which sometimes may only be a few foci of gas, or fluid within the aerated spaces such as the mastoids (Figure 3).
Risk factors for subdural hematoma after lumbar drainage are overdrainage, older age, and tension pneumocephalus.
Loss-of-resistance using air, isotonic saline or a combination of both is the simplest and safest technique, although air causes more complications, including pneumocephalus (14).
The complications of EBP can be listed as lumbar pain, paresthesia, neck pain, loss of strength in the legs, temporary bradycardia, dizziness, and pneumocephalus.
Other severe reported complications include neuropathic syndromes, pneumocephalus (found with use of air for loss of resistance in one case), venous air embolism, cervical epidural abscess, Cushing's syndrome, and death (only one report in the literature; in this case, a spinal hematoma led to acute meningitis that ultimately resulted in a cardiac arrest).
Intracranial complications can include intracerebral hematoma, cerebral contusion, intraventricular hemorrhage, pneumocephalus, brain stem injury, and carotid cavernous sinus fistula.
The study suggests that the complications of such injuries can be severe, including skull fracture, subdural and epidural hematoma, pneumocephalus, cerebral hemorrhage, infection, seizure, focal neurological deficits, and vascular complications.
Abstract: Pneumocephalus, air in the cranial cavity, is a common occurrence following cranial surgery.
A rapid, definitive diagnosis is critical to avoid the serious risks of meningitis, pneumocephalus, or brain abscess.
We conducted a retrospective case review at a tertiary academic medical center for the complications of pneumolabyrinth with pneumocephalus and subcutaneous emphysema after surgery for middle ear and cochlear implants.
Pneumocephalus with neurological deficit from hydrogen peroxide irrigation.