pneumatic retinopexy

retinopexy

 [ret´in-o-pek″se]
restoring of the retina to its proper anatomical location.
pneumatic retinopexy a treatment for retinal detachment involving injection of gas into the posterior vitreous cavity in such a way that the gas bubble presses against the area of torn retina, forcing it back into place.

gas ret·i·no·pex·y

a retinal detachment repair in which the retina is held in place by an expandable gas.

pneumatic retinopexy

A treatment for retinal detachment, in which a bubble of gas is instilled into the vitreous. As the bubble attains equilibrium with body gases, it expands and forces the detached area back into place; then, cryotherapy or photocoagulation is used to reattach the retina permanently.
See: retinal detachment
See also: retinopexy
References in periodicals archive ?
Ultimately, the retinologist used a combination of procedures to repair the damage including: 1) scleral buckling; 2) pneumatic retinopexy; and 3) laser photocoagulation.
* Pneumatic retinopexy is used when the detachment is not complicated.
The following search terms were used: vitreous substitutes, vitreous humour, vitreous body, ideal vitreous substitutes, tamponade in retinal detachment, gas tamponade in retinal detachment, pneumatic retinopexy, silicone oil in retinal detachment, heavy silicone oil in retinal detachment, hydrogel, hydrogel in retinal detachment, microincision vitreoretinal surgery, and vitreous substitutes.
Its use is limited to pneumatic retinopexy at the end of vitrectomy surgery and as an emergency option.
Contributed by ophthalmologists from Europe, the US, and Israel, the 19 chapters address the surgical and nonsurgical management of vitreoretinal disorders, including diabetic retinopathy; diabetic macular edema, with discussion of the use of anti-vascular endothelial growth factor drugs and diagnosis; proliferative diabetic retinopathy; the complications and management of diabetic vitrectomy; retinal venous occlusions; rhegmatogenous retinal detachment, including vitrectomy, scleral buckling materials, and pneumatic retinopexy; the use of prophylaxis for retinal detachment; retinal detachment due to giant tears or dialysis; macular hole surgery; vitrectomy for epiretinal membranes; Irvine-Gass syndrome; and endophthalmitis.
The simplest treatment is pneumatic retinopexy, where a bubble of gas is injected into the eye and presses the retina back in place.
D'Amico has revealed that there are three surgical options that can be used to treat retinal detachment, namely scleral buckling, pneumatic retinopexy, and vitrectomy
Pneumatic Retinopexy is a newer and less invasive procedure than scleral buckling that involves injecting a gas bubble into the vitreous cavity of the eye, and then positioning the patient's head so that the bubble floats to the break in the detached retina.
Later on, in 1986, pneumatic retinopexy was introduced by Hilton and Grizzard as an outpatient procedure capable of effectively treating select cases of RRD [5].