pleurodesis


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pleurodesis

 [ploo͡-rod´ĕ-sis]
the artificial production of adhesions between the parietal and the visceral pleura for treatment of persistent pneumothorax or severe pleural effusion; formerly done by physically irritating the pleural surface, it is now usually done with a chemical sclerosing agent.

pleur·od·e·sis

(plūr-od'ĕ-sis),
The creation of a fibrous adhesion between the visceral and parietal layers of the pleura, thus obliterating the pleural cavity; it is performed surgically by abrading the pleura or by inserting a sterile irritant into the pleural space, and applied as treatment in cases of malignant pleural effusion, recurrent spontaneous pneumothorax, and chylothorax.
[pleuro- + G. desis, a binding together]

pleurodesis

A procedure in which the pleural space is obliterated by deliberately fusing the visceral and parietal pleura, either by using chemical sclerosants (e.g., a mixture of mitoxantrone, talc and tetracycline) or mechanically (e.g., by stripping the pleura), to treat recurrent pneumothorax or malignant pleural effusion secondary to cancer.

pleurodesis

Thoracic surgery A procedure in which the visceral and parietal pleura are deliberately fused, either by inducing chemical–eg, talc-inflammation or mechanically–eg, by stripping the pleura, to treat recurrent pneumothorax

pleur·od·e·sis

(plūr-od'ĕ-sis)
The creation of a fibrous adhesion between the visceral and parietal layers of the pleura, obliterating the pleural cavity; it is performed surgically by abrading the pleura or by inserting a sterile irritant into the pleural cavity in cases of recurrent spontaneous pneumothorax, malignant pleural effusion, and chylothorax.
[pleuro- + G. desis, a binding together]
References in periodicals archive ?
Decortication or talc pleurodesis was added to the patients with malignant and un-resectable conditions for either therapeutic or palliative purposes.
The management available for these effusions include the placement of tunneled pleural catheters, and also chemical pleurodesis with any sclerosing agent like talc powder or doxycycline, or surgery.
The most common methods used in the management of MPEs are chemical/mechanical pleurodesis followed by the drainage of the pleural fluid using indwelling catheters (5).
In April 2014, Leanne underwent a painful operation to stop her lungs collapsing called a pleurodesis, in which her lung cavity was effectively 'sand-papered' and attached to her rib cage.
Impact of pleural effusion pH on the efficacy of thoracoscopic mechanical pleurodesis in patients with breast carcinoma.
Finally, patients who did not have successful treatment either by NA nor CTD, patients underwent chemical pleurodesis with talc powder injection via chest tube or video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) at the physicians' discretion.
[3,4] Excision of endometrial deposits, pleurodesis, pleural resection, lung wedge resection or diaphragmatic repair may be performed in order to facilitate treatment.
The main goal in surgical management is resection of bullae and blebs and apical pleurodesis to prevent recurrence.
A thoracoscopic drainage and pleurodesis were performed, along with surgical biopsy of the parenchymal lung lesions.
She underwent pleurodesis and chest tube place placement due to persistent effusions.
He explained that a procedure called pleurodesis essentially glues the lung to the ribcage: "We abrade the pleural membrane with a tool akin to steel wool, as well as the inner lining of the ribcage.