pleuritis


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

pleuritis

 [ploo͡-ri´tis]
pleurisy.
lupus pleuritis pleurisy, pleural effusion, and fever in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus.
rheumatoid pleuritis pleurisy, pleural effusion, and often empyema in patients with rheumatoid arthritis.
tuberculous pleuritis pleurisy with pleural effusion and tubercles on the pleura in patients with primary tuberculosis.
uremic pleuritis pleurisy, usually of the fibrinous type, with pleural effusion in patients with uremia, often accompanying uremic pericarditis.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

pleur·i·sy

(plūr'i-sē),
Inflammation of the pleura.
Synonym(s): pleuritis
[L. pleurisis, fr. G. pleuritis]
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

pleuritis

Pleural inflammation.
 
Aetiology
Respiratory tract infections, TB, rheumatoid disease, lung neoplasms.
 
Clinical findings
Chest wall pain at the site of inflammation, which increases with breathing, coughing and chest movement; the pleural surfaces, roughened by inflammation, rub together with each breath, causing a rough grating sound (“friction rub”) heard with a stethoscope; fluid accumulation separates parietal and visceral pleurae, decreased chest pain; large effusions compromise respiration and may cause coughing, shortness of breath, tachypnoea, cyanosis, rib retraction.
Segen's Medical Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.

pleuritis

Pleurisy Pulmonary medicine Pleural inflammation Etiology RTIs, TB, rheumatoid disease, lung neoplasms Clinical Pain over the chest wall at the site of inflammation, which ↑ with breathing, coughing, chest movement; the pleural surfaces, roughened by inflammation, rub together with each breath, causing a rough grating sound–“friction rub”–heard with a stethoscope; fluid accumulation separates parietal and visceral pleurae, ↓ chest pain; large effusions compromise respiration and may cause coughing, SOB, tachypnea, cyanosis, retractions. See Tuberculous pleuritis.
McGraw-Hill Concise Dictionary of Modern Medicine. © 2002 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

pleur·i·sy

(plūr'i-sē)
Inflammation of the pleura.
Synonym(s): pleuritis.
[L. pleurisis, fr. G. pleuritis]
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012

Pleuritis

Inflammation of the pleura, the membrane surrounding the lungs.
Gale Encyclopedia of Medicine. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Observation of efficacy of central venous catheter in combination with pleural lavage in the treatment of tuberculous pleuritis. Chongqing Med J.
In HIV-positive patients, the odds of being diagnosed with a 'non-cancer' diagnosis (including granulomatous inflammation and pleuritis) were higher than in HIV-negative patients (OR 2.16, 95% CI 1.03-4.51; p=0.040).
In conclusion, we reported a case of teratoma rupture with a thorough clinical course, which showed that the time it took for the initial peritoneal irritation caused by teratoma rupture to convert to severe chemical peritonitis and even pleuritis was approximately 3 weeks.
Thus, osteopontin is a more general biomarker for malignancy, and patients with MPM could be distinguished from those with benign asbestos pleuritis with a sensitivity of 78% and specificity of 86%.
The determination of the ADA2 isoenzyme could increase the precision since it is released from monocytes and is found in a high concentration in pleuritis by TB.
found that an elevated serum ferritin level, interstitial pneumonia, pleuritis, and unrecovered fever were still present after prescribing prednisolone 1mg/kg/day for three days, foretelling poor prognosis [10].
Increased specificity for the diagnosis of tuberculous pleuritis. Chest.
The recommended review of systems and exams to assess for systemic lupus erythematosus in CLE patients include asking about photosensitivity, looking for mucosal ulcers, and assessing for arthritis, as well as asking about a history of pericarditis or pleuritis, and a history of low blood counts, kidney disease, seizures, and malar rash.
(20) Severe disease, age (adults and young teenagers), and serogroup C seems to predispose to post-infectious immune associated complications including arthritis, vasculitis, pleuritis, or pericarditis.
Adenosine deaminase activity is a sensitive marker for the diagnosis of tuberculous pleuritis in patients with very low CD4 counts.
Combined use of pleural adenosine deaminasse with lymphocyte/neutrophil ratio: increased specificity for the diagnosis of tuberculous pleuritis. Chest.