pleural cavity


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cavity

 [kav´ĭ-te]
1. a hollow or space, or a potential space, within the body or one of its organs; called also caverna and cavum.
2. the lesion produced by dental caries.
Cavities in the body. From Applegate, 2000.
abdominal cavity the cavity of the body between the diaphragm above and the pelvis below, containing the abdominal organs.
absorption c's cavities in developing compact bone due to osteoclastic erosion, usually occurring in the areas laid down first.
amniotic cavity the closed sac between the embryo and the amnion, containing the amniotic fluid.
cranial cavity the space enclosed by the bones of the cranium.
glenoid cavity a depression in the lateral angle of the scapula for articulation with the humerus.
marrow cavity (medullary cavity) the cavity that contains bone marrow in the diaphysis of a long bone; called also medullary canal.
nasal cavity the proximal portion of the passages of the respiratory system, extending from the nares to the pharynx; it is divided into left and right halves by the nasal septum and is separated from the oral cavity by the hard palate.
oral cavity the cavity of the mouth, bounded by the jaw bones and associated structures (muscles and mucosa).
pelvic cavity the space within the walls of the pelvis.
pericardial cavity the potential space between the epicardium and the parietal layer of the serous pericardium.
peritoneal cavity the potential space between the parietal and the visceral peritoneum.
pleural cavity the potential space between the two layers of pleura.
pulp cavity the pulp-filled central chamber in the crown of a tooth.
cavity of septum pellucidum the median cleft between the two laminae of the septum pellucidum. Called also pseudocele, pseudocoele, and fifth ventricle.
serous cavity a coelomic cavity, like that enclosed by the pericardium, peritoneum, or pleura, not communicating with the outside of the body and lined with a serous membrane, i.e., one which secretes a serous fluid.
tension cavity cavities of the lung in which the air pressure is greater than that of the atmosphere.
thoracic cavity the portion of the ventral body cavity situated between the neck and the diaphragm; it contains the pleural cavity.
tympanic cavity the major portion of the middle ear, consisting of a narrow air-filled cavity in the temporal bone that contains the auditory ossicles and communicates with the mastoid air cells and the mastoid antrum by means of the aditus and the nasopharynx by means of the auditory tube. The middle ear and the tympanic cavity were formerly regarded as being synonymous.
uterine cavity the flattened space within the uterus communicating proximally on either side with the fallopian tubes and below with the vagina.

pleur·al cav·i·ty

[TA]
the potential space between the parietal and visceral layers of the pleura.

pleural cavity

n.
The space that develops between the two pleurae when there is fluid between them. Also called pleural space.

pleur·al cav·i·ty

(plūr'ăl kav'i-tē) [TA]
The potential space between the parietal and visceral layers of the pleura.
Synonym(s): pleural space.

pleural cavity

a coelomic cavity surrounding the lungs of mammals that is separated from the rest of the perivisceral coelom by the DIAPHRAGM. The cavity is fluid-filled and small, as the lungs and body wall are in close proximity to each other.

Pleural cavity

The area of the chest that includes the lining of the chest cavity, the space the lungs are located in, and the membrane covering of the lungs.
References in periodicals archive ?
This model is characterized by an early phase (4 h after carrageenan administration), in which leukocyte migration to the pleural cavity and the lungs is significantly enhanced and histological changes occurs [14, 30].
Both spontaneous and predetermined scenarios can lead to an increase of fluid within the pleural cavity. If this fluid is air, the patient suffers from a 'Pneumothorax', whilst, if the fluid is a liquid (such as blood), then it is a 'Pleural Effusion'.
It also invaded the neuro-vascular structures, thoracic wall and pleural cavity. The symptoms stated before resulted from the invasion of the tumoral mass into the surrounding tissues.
The coin in the six-year-old girl (diameter 22 mm) was more obstructive and might have been the reason for the more severe infection of the pleural cavity. The small boy was still able to swallow some liquids although with difficulties.
[6] In our study, the injection of carrageenan led to a significant increase in the leukocyte count and fluid extravasation in the pleural cavity triggering a typical inflammatory reaction, which can be measured easily.
Regarding chest drainage complications, the following was obtained: 5% (5/100) of subcutaneous emphysema--due to the drain being located in the subcutaneous cell tissue; one case (1%) of infection around the drain; five cases (5%) of accidental dislodgement of the tube, requiring re-drainage, and in 5% (5/100) of the patients there were some complications when removing the drain, with small pneumothoraces due to the presence of air in the pleural cavity at the time of the removal; however re-drainage was not required.
A pneumothorax is defined as the presence of air in the pleural cavity which leads to a collapsed lung.
Based on the relationship between the IP and the occurrence of leakage of fluid into different chambers including pleural cavity, it may be interesting to measure and monitor the results of the intraperitoneal pressure as part of the routine activities of nurses.
We commonly use 18 G and 16G cannula, while spinal needles are used in much selected cases where due to increased skin thickness cannula cannot reach the pleural cavity. 21G syringe needle were mostly used for diagnostic pleural taps where amount of less than 50 ml was aspirated.
Air may be removed from the pleural cavity by aspiration with a needle or by insertion of a tube.
Moreover, during chemotherapy, pneumothorax occurred three times after the direct rupture into the pleural cavity of developing cystic lesions in the pulmonary metastatic tissue (Figure 3).
After confirmation of analgesia, the right side of the chest was shaven and either sterile saline or sterile saline containing 1% [lambda]-carrageenan (0.1 mL) was administered into the pleural cavity in the sixth intercostal space.