[ClickPress, Tue Jul 23 2019] Cardiovascular pledgets
are the primary choice in various cardiovascular surgeries due to their suturability and handling.
(24,55,56) Embolization is employed using either gelatin sponge microparticles, gelfoam pledgets
, or alcohol microspheres following angiography to identify the bilateral arterial vesical branch targets.
Middle ear gentamicinsoaked pledgets
in the treatment of Meniere's disease.
Khanna et al.16 described that a purse-string suture reinforced with Teflon pledgets
through the aortic wall above the proximal suture line can prevent bleeding.
Placement of interrupted sutures with pledgets
is more consistently reliable, particularly with restricted access and friable tissues.
Once identified, these are embolized using polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) particles, gel foam pledgets
, or glue after selective catheterization.
of cotton soaked in mitomycin C are topically applied to the areas of stenosis.
The valve was then implanted using synthetic sutures reinforced with teflon felt pledgets
on the ventricular side.
Venous congestion can be treated with elevation, dressing release, external bleeding through nail plate removal, or with the use of leeches or heparin soaked pledgets
. Arterial thrombosis or spasm should be treated with warming, pain control, sympathetic blockade, or surgical exploration and repair of anastomoses (if they are found to be disrupted).
Apical sutures are then placed with large Teflon felt pledgets
in a horizontal mattress fashion (Figure 1).
Two-millimeter cotton pledgets
soaked in 70% perchloric acid were kept in contact with the bone for 2 hours (Figure 1); after each application, the mandibles were washed for 1 min under tap water, according to the methodology used in previous studies.