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1. involvement in enjoyable recreational activities; see also play therapy.
2. the extent to which mechanical movement is available.
joint play the accessory movement available within a joint, which is not under voluntary control but is needed for proper functioning of the joint.
play therapy
1. a technique used in child psychotherapy in which play is used to reveal unconscious material. Play is the natural way in which children express and work through unconscious conflicts; thus play therapy is analogous to the technique of free association used in psychoanalysis of adults. The therapy is done in a playroom containing toys such as dolls, a doll house, and furniture; blocks; art materials; toy animals, cars, trucks, guns, soldiers, and telephone; and games. As the child plays he expresses his fantasies and gives the therapist clues about his family relationships and unconscious conflicts. For example, the child may be unable to verbally express hostile feelings about a parent or sibling but be able to act out these feelings playing with a doll. The role of the therapist is nondirective. The therapist provides an accepting, understanding adult relationship that allows the child to work through his conflicts and to experiment with new ways of relating to himself and other people.
2. in the nursing interventions classification, a nursing intervention defined as the purposeful and directive use of toys and other materials to assist children in communicating their perception and knowledge of their world and to help in gaining mastery of their environment.


Etymology: AS, plegan, sport
any spontaneous or organized activity that provides enjoyment, entertainment, amusement, or diversion. It is essential in childhood for the development of a normal personality and as a means for physical, intellectual, and social development. Play provides an outlet for releasing tension and stress, as well as a means for testing and experimenting with new or fearful roles or situations. It is an indispensable part of the nursing care of children, especially in the hospital. It helps relieve the tension and anxiety of being in unfamiliar surroundings and separated from parents, and it gives the child a sense of security and a means of expressing fears and fantasies. Play also offers the nurse one of the most effective methods of communicating with and gaining the trust of the child and helping him or her to understand treatments and procedures. Kinds of play include active play, associative play, cooperative play, dramatic play, parallel play, passive play, skill play, and solitary play. See also play therapy.


1. To perform or participate in an activity for recreation or amusement.
2. General term for individual or group activities engaged in for fun or recreation.
[O.E. plegian]


1. Involvement in a sport, amusement, or any form of recreation, esp. an activity other than that in which one is usually engaged as an occupation. From the medical standpoint, it is important that the recreational activity be enjoyable and that participation in it be safe and satisfactory.
2. Unimpeded motion, as of a joint.

Patient discussion about play

Q. i play basketball and i suffer from bad knee, what can i do to make it better and still i'll be able to play??

A. What you describe may actually be "chondromalacia patella" - damage to the cartilage of the knee due to overuse injury. It's usually treated with physiotherapy (mainly strengthening the quadriceps and hamstrings muscles) and supporting devices.

However, I'm not very keen on making diagnosis over the net, so you may want to consult a doctor (e.g. orthopedic surgeon) in order to diagnose it and receive the appropriate treatment.

You may want to read more here:

Q. what is a sentimental abuse? in what ways does it show? i think my boyfriend is abusing me and playing with my emotions , does it call "Sentimental Abuse" , who do i need to see to get over it ?

A. In any situation any kind of abuse is wrong... If he is playing with your emotions sometimes it is good to see a councellor or someone you can talk to to get your feelings out in the open, sometimes it works sometimes it don't.... I just got out of an abusive relationship although it was not my emotions he was playing with it still helped to seek out someone that will listen maybe give suggestions on how you can either get out or fix the problem.

Q. How can some one make his sexual play long still erecting?

A. an erection is formed when two muscles clamp the vain taking out blood from the penis. then it fills up the penis until it gets hard. but eventually the blood must flow ..and after maximum 30 minutes - the muscles start to loosen up.

More discussions about play
References in periodicals archive ?
No child psychologists or professors of playthings are needed to explain why such things as the Lego, the Slinky, the bicycle, Barbie, checkers, the Hula Hoop and the yo-yo were shoo-ins for membership.
Although this marketing strategy had roots in the use of early comic strip figures as novelty toys (from 1900-1930), it was only with Disney's cartoon characters that the linkage between and media and plaything created major commercially-driven fads.
There was a long analysis of how clubs should avoid getting into financial troubles, together with a warning that "it is vital English football preserves its integrity and does not become a plaything of rich individuals".
The space age entered the home as a child's plaything," writes Topham, "but from the toy box it threatened to take over the whole house.
Thou shalt be smitten with all-over boils, thou plaything of Beelzebub
In February a video game boss destroyed his half-million-pound plaything in California, then in June a Korean owner lost control in Seoul.
Latest results include: West Kirby SC Dinghy Frostbite: 1: Purple Plaything (R Mosedale) 2: GP 14 (JL Simons) 3: Phantom (R Bird) Liverpool YC: Channel Handicap Division One: 1.
JENNIFER Lopez's new plaything, Latino heart-throb Marc Anthony, is so worried about her safety he carries a gun around to protect her.
June remembers her heyday as a plaything for "sports"--young men from the rising middle classes who roamed the city at night, some homosexual, some just horny and not too particular.
The top ten from Liverpool HMV this week is: 1 Round Round - Sugababes 2 Alone - Lasgo 3 James Dean - Daniel Bedingfield 4 In My Place - Coldplay 5 Rainy Dayz - Mary J Blige feat Ja Rule 6 Do You See The Light - Snap vs Plaything 7 Colourblind - Darius 8 Like A Prayer - Madhouse 9 Uh Huh - B2K 10 I Need A Girl - P Diddy and Usher Win a chart album of your choice by telling me the name of the Liverpool-born member of the Sugababes.
In Pixar and Disney's original computer-animated comedy, Woody (Tom Hanks) was a charming and incredibly lifelike plaything that finds itself discarded from the top of the toy pile when he's displaced by the latest cool toy from Hasbro or Mattel.
From an article in The New York Times on Death Row Marv, a character from the graphic comic Sin City that was turned into a plaything by McFarlane Toys: "The battery-operated toy, which is sold in specialty shops and music stores for about $20 and marketed for ages thirteen and up, is not for the faint of heart.