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1. involvement in enjoyable recreational activities; see also play therapy.
2. the extent to which mechanical movement is available.
joint play the accessory movement available within a joint, which is not under voluntary control but is needed for proper functioning of the joint.
play therapy
1. a technique used in child psychotherapy in which play is used to reveal unconscious material. Play is the natural way in which children express and work through unconscious conflicts; thus play therapy is analogous to the technique of free association used in psychoanalysis of adults. The therapy is done in a playroom containing toys such as dolls, a doll house, and furniture; blocks; art materials; toy animals, cars, trucks, guns, soldiers, and telephone; and games. As the child plays he expresses his fantasies and gives the therapist clues about his family relationships and unconscious conflicts. For example, the child may be unable to verbally express hostile feelings about a parent or sibling but be able to act out these feelings playing with a doll. The role of the therapist is nondirective. The therapist provides an accepting, understanding adult relationship that allows the child to work through his conflicts and to experiment with new ways of relating to himself and other people.
2. in the nursing interventions classification, a nursing intervention defined as the purposeful and directive use of toys and other materials to assist children in communicating their perception and knowledge of their world and to help in gaining mastery of their environment.


Etymology: AS, plegan, sport
any spontaneous or organized activity that provides enjoyment, entertainment, amusement, or diversion. It is essential in childhood for the development of a normal personality and as a means for physical, intellectual, and social development. Play provides an outlet for releasing tension and stress, as well as a means for testing and experimenting with new or fearful roles or situations. It is an indispensable part of the nursing care of children, especially in the hospital. It helps relieve the tension and anxiety of being in unfamiliar surroundings and separated from parents, and it gives the child a sense of security and a means of expressing fears and fantasies. Play also offers the nurse one of the most effective methods of communicating with and gaining the trust of the child and helping him or her to understand treatments and procedures. Kinds of play include active play, associative play, cooperative play, dramatic play, parallel play, passive play, skill play, and solitary play. See also play therapy.


1. To perform or participate in an activity for recreation or amusement.
2. General term for individual or group activities engaged in for fun or recreation.
[O.E. plegian]


1. Involvement in a sport, amusement, or any form of recreation, esp. an activity other than that in which one is usually engaged as an occupation. From the medical standpoint, it is important that the recreational activity be enjoyable and that participation in it be safe and satisfactory.
2. Unimpeded motion, as of a joint.

Patient discussion about play

Q. i play basketball and i suffer from bad knee, what can i do to make it better and still i'll be able to play??

A. What you describe may actually be "chondromalacia patella" - damage to the cartilage of the knee due to overuse injury. It's usually treated with physiotherapy (mainly strengthening the quadriceps and hamstrings muscles) and supporting devices.

However, I'm not very keen on making diagnosis over the net, so you may want to consult a doctor (e.g. orthopedic surgeon) in order to diagnose it and receive the appropriate treatment.

You may want to read more here:

Q. what is a sentimental abuse? in what ways does it show? i think my boyfriend is abusing me and playing with my emotions , does it call "Sentimental Abuse" , who do i need to see to get over it ?

A. In any situation any kind of abuse is wrong... If he is playing with your emotions sometimes it is good to see a councellor or someone you can talk to to get your feelings out in the open, sometimes it works sometimes it don't.... I just got out of an abusive relationship although it was not my emotions he was playing with it still helped to seek out someone that will listen maybe give suggestions on how you can either get out or fix the problem.

Q. How can some one make his sexual play long still erecting?

A. an erection is formed when two muscles clamp the vain taking out blood from the penis. then it fills up the penis until it gets hard. but eventually the blood must flow ..and after maximum 30 minutes - the muscles start to loosen up.

More discussions about play
References in periodicals archive ?
The police will reportedly talk to other kids of the playschool to investigate if there are more victims of assault.
The alleged incident was reported within 24 hours of a similar case in which another three- yearold girl was allegedly molested by the employee of a different playschool in Rohini.
As the trial got underway Olga was adamant that her husband caused problems outside the children's playschool and that he often made a scene when he ran into her, calling her names and shouting.
CUTLINE: Toys that spark a child's imagination, such as Legos, are always a hit, said Anne Changaris of the Grafton Center Playschool.
It's like a public toilet outside the playschool where the kids go the next morning.
Combining the imaginative storytelling expertise of Andrew Larsen and the graphic talent of freelance illustrator and artist Kate Endle, "Bella And The Bunny" is a charming picturebook adventure about Bella, a little girl who loves a birthday sweater made for her by Nonna that is soft, furry, white, and looks just like the bunny at playschool that Bella cherishes.
Parents reacted with anger and disbelief after being told that vandals were responsible for a gas leak at their childrens' playschool.
I know what he's capable of and I expected flames to be billowing from the playschool window come 10.
She said Dylan was settled in a US playschool where he had friends and it would be wrong to move him.
Also celebrating was former Playschool presenter Floella Benjamin OBE who was awarded the Special Award for outstanding creative contribution to children's film and television.
The photo was of my friends and I at playschool with Mrs Rees in 1977.
Playschool, Andy Pandy, Bagpuss and the Woodentops - all of which were essential viewing in the 50s, 60s and 70s - have developed a cult following.