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1. involvement in enjoyable recreational activities; see also play therapy.
2. the extent to which mechanical movement is available.
joint play the accessory movement available within a joint, which is not under voluntary control but is needed for proper functioning of the joint.
play therapy
1. a technique used in child psychotherapy in which play is used to reveal unconscious material. Play is the natural way in which children express and work through unconscious conflicts; thus play therapy is analogous to the technique of free association used in psychoanalysis of adults. The therapy is done in a playroom containing toys such as dolls, a doll house, and furniture; blocks; art materials; toy animals, cars, trucks, guns, soldiers, and telephone; and games. As the child plays he expresses his fantasies and gives the therapist clues about his family relationships and unconscious conflicts. For example, the child may be unable to verbally express hostile feelings about a parent or sibling but be able to act out these feelings playing with a doll. The role of the therapist is nondirective. The therapist provides an accepting, understanding adult relationship that allows the child to work through his conflicts and to experiment with new ways of relating to himself and other people.
2. in the nursing interventions classification, a nursing intervention defined as the purposeful and directive use of toys and other materials to assist children in communicating their perception and knowledge of their world and to help in gaining mastery of their environment.


Etymology: AS, plegan, sport
any spontaneous or organized activity that provides enjoyment, entertainment, amusement, or diversion. It is essential in childhood for the development of a normal personality and as a means for physical, intellectual, and social development. Play provides an outlet for releasing tension and stress, as well as a means for testing and experimenting with new or fearful roles or situations. It is an indispensable part of the nursing care of children, especially in the hospital. It helps relieve the tension and anxiety of being in unfamiliar surroundings and separated from parents, and it gives the child a sense of security and a means of expressing fears and fantasies. Play also offers the nurse one of the most effective methods of communicating with and gaining the trust of the child and helping him or her to understand treatments and procedures. Kinds of play include active play, associative play, cooperative play, dramatic play, parallel play, passive play, skill play, and solitary play. See also play therapy.


1. To perform or participate in an activity for recreation or amusement.
2. General term for individual or group activities engaged in for fun or recreation.
[O.E. plegian]


1. Involvement in a sport, amusement, or any form of recreation, esp. an activity other than that in which one is usually engaged as an occupation. From the medical standpoint, it is important that the recreational activity be enjoyable and that participation in it be safe and satisfactory.
2. Unimpeded motion, as of a joint.

Patient discussion about play

Q. i play basketball and i suffer from bad knee, what can i do to make it better and still i'll be able to play??

A. What you describe may actually be "chondromalacia patella" - damage to the cartilage of the knee due to overuse injury. It's usually treated with physiotherapy (mainly strengthening the quadriceps and hamstrings muscles) and supporting devices.

However, I'm not very keen on making diagnosis over the net, so you may want to consult a doctor (e.g. orthopedic surgeon) in order to diagnose it and receive the appropriate treatment.

You may want to read more here:

Q. what is a sentimental abuse? in what ways does it show? i think my boyfriend is abusing me and playing with my emotions , does it call "Sentimental Abuse" , who do i need to see to get over it ?

A. In any situation any kind of abuse is wrong... If he is playing with your emotions sometimes it is good to see a councellor or someone you can talk to to get your feelings out in the open, sometimes it works sometimes it don't.... I just got out of an abusive relationship although it was not my emotions he was playing with it still helped to seek out someone that will listen maybe give suggestions on how you can either get out or fix the problem.

Q. How can some one make his sexual play long still erecting?

A. an erection is formed when two muscles clamp the vain taking out blood from the penis. then it fills up the penis until it gets hard. but eventually the blood must flow ..and after maximum 30 minutes - the muscles start to loosen up.

More discussions about play
References in periodicals archive ?
It was an answer to the banality and boredom of suburban consumer society, recalling in playful delight an era of coherent and human-scale space before the contemporary era of the freeway, mall, and sidewalk-less suburban residential street when smalltown main streets were still vibrant.
Playful spinner dolphins are known to swim through occasionally, toying with divers - observing you just as you observe them.
Playful Act, a daughter of Sadler's Wells, was a real star last season, winning her last three starts, including the Fillies' Mile, and had been a big fancy over the winter for both the 1000 Guineas and the Oaks.
Rather, she provides a playful space where metaphysical musings orbit (like non-Cartesian fur balls) around quasi-Jungian crests, resembles the petaled globes of hydrangea blooms; another is icy and polar, a rimed confection you don't see in Southern California except in undefrosted freezers.
Playful woofs are high-pitched and unevenly paced; strangers and doorbells encourage lower, harsher warning barks; and being separated from Master brings on single, high-pitched woofing.
A breeder of these alarming-looking dogs appeared on the news this week to reassure us that the dogs not only love children, but do give playful bites.
He is very playful but also very loveable and a great showman even at this young age," he said.
Aercke (3) suggests that, in their artifice, their complexity and their playful disdain for the real limitations of an imperfect natural world and a flawed social order and human condition, these festive performances constitute a more satisfactory emblem for the essential spirit of the exaggerating and role-playing Baroque age than does Johan Huizinga's suggested periwig.
Music fans and fashionistas alike will want to get their iPod nanos suited up in these stylishly playful tokidoki designed iSkin Vibes.
para]]Quaker Chewy and Extra TV Host Mario Lopez Team Up to Uncover What Makes Denver Families So Playful and Inspire Family Fun Everywhere[[/para]]
PLAYFUL 3 Mirror, mirror on the wall, who's the best kitty of all?
A national nonprofit organization dedicated to saving play recognizes 118 cities across the country as "2010 Playful City USA" communities to ensure children are active and healthy despite budget setbacks.