plasma expander


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plas·ma sub·sti·tute

a solution of a substance (for example, dextran) used for transfusion in hemorrhage or shock as a substitute for plasma.
Synonym(s): plasma expander

plas·ma sub·sti·tute

(plazmă substi-tūt)
A solution of a substance (e.g., dextran) used for transfusion after hemorrhage or shock as a substitute for plasma.
Synonym(s): plasma expander.

plasma expander

Any substance used to increase the volume of the fluid component of circulating blood. The commonest plasma volume expander is donated human plasma obtained from anticoagulated whole blood. Other plasma expanders include dextran solution, fresh whole blood, and a range of electrolyte solutions.
References in periodicals archive ?
Coagulation, hemostasis, and plasma expanders: a quarter century enigma.
We are the first company which has produced starch-based plasma expanders, which is called "HAES-STERIL".
Dextran-70 versus albumin as plasma expanders in cirrhotic patients with tense ascites treated with total paracentesis.
A group of specialists in gastroenterology, and hepatology in Europe, the US, Canada, and Argentina address complications of paracentesis, the right choice of plasma expanders, selection of patients who will benefit from transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt, drug treatments to improve renal function and prolong survival in patients with hepatorenal syndrome, the role of combined kidney-liver transplantation versus conventional liver-only transplantation, and the use of vaptans in hyponatremia and the controversial role in the treatment of ascites.
Shock and DIC were successfully treated with fresh frozen plasma, plasma expanders and noradrenaline.
Only highly water soluble polymers can be used as plasma expanders and pullulan is highly water soluble.
Gelatin-based plasma expanders have also been reported to cause interference.
Gelatin, a derivative of collagen, is used to make vaccine stabilizers, hard and soft capsules, plasma expanders, tablet binders and coatings.