Nevertheless, final-year students had a high plaque index
, and it was utterly surprising that the knowledge and attitudes were not justified with proper oral hygiene.
By the time the study started, community plaque index
Mean distribution of dental plaque and calculus indexes and number of sites of bleeding on probing Non- Diabetic diabetic p- children children value (n=25) (n=25) Mean plaque index
On 6, 12 and 24 post-operative week's plaque index
, and gingival index and subjective index recorded.
The dental plaque index
was scored according to Silness and Loe's classification, as follows: 12 0 = no plaque in the gingival area; 1 = a film of plaque adhering to the free gingival margin and adjacent area of the tooth; 2 = moderate accumulation of soft deposits within the gingival pocket, on the gingival margin, and/or adjacent to the tooth surface, which could be seen with the naked eye; and 3 = an abundance of soft matter within the gingival pocket and/or on the gingival margin and adjacent tooth surface.
All the periodontal parameters including plaque index
, gingival index, probing depth, clinical attachment level and number of gingival recessions were compared with the mean width of keratinized gingiva and thickness of attached gingiva using Karl Pearson correlation coefficient within the groups.
Compared with placebo, probiotic treatment resulted in significant improvements in plaque index
, gingival index, bleeding on probing, probing depth, and attachment gain at every time point.
Plaque scores were assigned using the Plaque Index
by Silness and Loe.
The following parameters were recorded: age; sex; Loe and Sillness Plaque Index
, amlodipine dosage, duration and gingival hyperplasia, using the grading system described by Angelopoulos and Goaz 1972 (Grade 0: No signs of gingival enlargement, Grade 1: Enlargement confined to interdental papilla, Grade 2: Enlargement involves papilla and marginal gingival, Grade 3: Enlargement involves three quarters or more of the crown) (Figure 1, 2 and 3).
was evaluated according to the simplified plaque index
(PI), modified from Greene and Vermilion [Wei and Lang, 1982] immediately after dyeing the teeth with disclosing solution (RED-COTE, John D.
At the three- and six-month visits, the Modified Gingival Index (MGI), Turesky Modification of the Quigley-Hein Plaque Index
(PI) and the Bleeding Index (BI) were scored and oral tissue examinations performed.