[1.] Steinberg D., Studying plaque biofilms
on various dental surfaces, in, An Y.H., Friedman R.J.
Test subjects using a Water Flosser in conjunction with a manual toothbrush had up to 29% better reduction in plaque biofilm
than people who used a manual toothbrush and string floss.
Dodes points to something called "plaque biofilm
," which most Americans have probably never heard of, as the culprit behind this common problem.
Anton Van Leeuwenhoek scraped the plaque biofilm
from his teeth and observed the "animalculi" that produced this microbial community with his primitive microscope.
In a study on permeability of oral microorganisms and dental plaque, both gram +ve and gram -ve such as Porphyromonas endodontalis and Porphyromonas gingivalis were more sensitive to Ozonated water than gram +ve oral Streptococci and Candida albicans in pure culture and Ozonated water was proved to have bactericidal activity against bacteria in plaque biofilm
. But it was found that even after 20 minute of contact time of Ozonated water, gaseous Ozone and antiseptic agents did not have antibacterial effect on Enterococcus Faecalis.
in dental plaque biofilm
as analysed by five-colour multiplex fluorescence in situ hybridization," Journal of Medical Microbiology, vol.
(2) Dental plaque biofilm
is a known etiological factor that causes oral diseases such as dental caries, (3) gingivitis, (4) and periodontitis.
The chemical action of stabilized stannous fluoride in Crest Pro-Health Toothpaste inhibits the metabolic activity of destructive bacteria while cetylpyridinium chloride (CPC) in Crest Pro-Health Rinse inhibits the regrowth of plaque biofilm
, Proctor and Gamble reports.
(1) Hence, periodontal therapeutic modalities must aim at conversion of the pathogenic plaque biofilm
to a non-pathogenic harmonious environment to optimize and balance periodontal health.