Sexual and asexual production of planulae
in reef corals.
In the present study, we observed free-floating, encysted planulae
Indeed, most dendrophylliids brood nonfeeding planulae
comprised 76% of Stylophora's reproductive volume, although this value presumably varies substantially during this species' reproductive cycle (cf.
Proteomic shifts between day and night in Acropora millepora planulae
It is unknown how the bioactive compounds influence health of the early life stages, but it is feasible that the observed effects are linked to shifting bacterial communities associated with the coral planulae
millepora, and immunohistochemistry indicates that several species possess opsin-like proteins that are localized in the sensory epithelial cells of planulae
To test the hypothesis that GPCRs, which make up a large proportion of cell-surface chemoreceptors, and their associated signal-transduction pathways mediate metamorphosis in planulae
Size variation of planulae
and its effect on the lifespan of planulae
in three pocilloporid corals.
They have produced approximately 300,000 planulae
(Nonaka et al.
Gastrulae and planulae
were removed from the egg jelly by using fresh 2% cysteine (Sigma), pH 8.
Increased mortality, premature metamorphosis, and depressed photosynthesis have been observed as effects of elevated seawater temperatures on planulae
of Parties astreoides (Edmunds et al.