plantar fascia


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

plan·tar fas·ci·a

deep fascia of the sole of the foot; includes a thick central part, the plantar aponeurosis, covering the central compartment of the sole of the foot, and thinner medial and lateral parts covering the hallucis and digit minimi muscles (compartments), respectively.

plantar fascia

plan·tar fas·cia

(plan'tahr fash'ē-ă)
Deep fascia of the sole of the foot; includes a thick central part, the plantar aponeurosis, covering the central compartment of the sole of the foot, and thinner medial and lateral parts covering the flexor hallucis and flexor digit minimi muscles (compartments), respectively.

Plantar fascia

A tough fibrous band of tissue surrounding the muscles of the sole of the foot. Also called plantar aponeurosis.
Mentioned in: Heel Spurs

plantar fascia

the thick band of connective tissue on the sole of the foot, which runs from the calcaneum to the base of the toes; inflammation (plantar fasciitis) is one of the commonest causes of heel pain, usually at the attachment to the calcaneum. Pain is felt especially first thing in the morning (overnight rest with the foot in plantarflexion allows the fascia to contract) or on weight-bearing exercise: a dull pain felt along the sole of the foot. Associated with, but not caused by, a bony spur. More common in runners, gymnasts and dancers (who use repetitive maximal plantarflexion of the foot) and in those with flat feet. Management includes rest, anti-inflammatory medication, podiatry assessment, exercises to stretch the fascia, orthoses and, if severe, corticosteroid injection.

plantar fascia

; plantar aponeurosis triangular sheet of tough, inelastic fibrous tissue attached (proximally) to plantar calcaneal tubercles (blending with distal fibres of Achilles tendon); fans distally to form five slips, each of which inserts into plantar plate (overlying plantar aspects of metatarsal heads) and fibrous flexor sheaths (containing long and short flexor tendons) on plantar aspects of proximal phalanges; forms a tie beam (between points of origin and insertion) maintaining architecture of longitudinal arch (see windlass effect; Figure 1)
Figure 1: Plantar fascia. MTP, metatarsophalangeal. This article was published in Neale's Disorders of the Foot, Lorimer, French, O'Donnell, Burrow, Wall. Copyright Elsevier, (2006).
References in periodicals archive ?
We found that a combination of BTX-A applications into the gastroc-soleus complex and plantar fascia stretching exercises yielded better results for the treatment of plantar fasciitis than intralesional steroids," the study's corresponding author Dr.
16) Corticosteroid injection may also be used for treatment-refractory plantar fasciitis, but caution is required, as the injection may increase the risk of rupture of the plantar fascia.
Hence, there is no need for the plantar fascia under the lateral arch, but it mainly supports the medial arch.
The five patients in the experimental treatment group received 50 U of botulinum toxin type A at the plantar fascia insertion, 50 U at the motor point of the soleus muscle, and 25 U at both the medial and lateral gastrocnemius motor points.
9) If deficits in this function of the heel pad occur, it is likely that other structures in the foot including the plantar fascia may have to compensate and undergo a greater amount of biomechanical stress; thereby resulting in the development of clinical conditions.
Tears of the plantar fascia occur most commonly in the midportion of the fascia.
Assess and treat plantar fascia, hypertonicity of the peroneal group through soft tissue, MET techniques.
Activities that increase the pull of the plantar fascia on the heel bone will worsen the condition.
Carroll has been working extremely hard to recover from a serious plantar fascia injury on the final day of last season.
Gasol flew back to Los Angeles, where he was examined on Thursday by team doctors and a foot specialist who diagnosed him with a torn plantar fascia - the tissue under the arch of the foot.
Heel pain usually originates in the plantar fascia, a band of tissue that extends from your heel to the ball of your foot.
A It is a pain arising from the heel, at the origin of the plantar fascia on the inside of your heel bone on your sole.