placental infarction


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Related to placental infarction: placental insufficiency

placental infarction

A localized necrotic area caused by abruption.
See: abruptio placentae
See also: infarction
Medical Dictionary, © 2009 Farlex and Partners
References in periodicals archive ?
Effects of placental infarctions on the fetal outcome in pregnancies complicated by hypertension.
As the practical importance of recognizing LN and MCP has never been compared with the well-known chorionic disc hypoxic lesions, particularly placental infarction and global hypoxic patterns of placental injury, this analysis is intended to retrospectively address this issue from a large database of placental material.
As reported previously (2), at the time of data extraction from the medical records, routine pathologic reports on the presence or absence of placental infarction were available for 77% of cases (n = 379) and for 84% of controls (n = 395).
Incidence of placental infarction was more in IUGR group when compared to AGA group (p value 0.
Placental infarction of >5% surface area is considered pathological and more frequently seen in toxemia and IUGR due to thrombotic occlusion of maternal uteroplacental vessels.
(2009) (9) suggested that some placental abnormalities found were associated with clinical causes of still birth, such as placental infarction and IUGR.
Zeek and Assali (1950) (9) defined placental infarction as a zone of ischaemic necrosis of a group of villi due to complete interference with their blood supply in the deciduas, thrombosis of a spiral arteriole or a retroplacental haemorrhage.