pivot shift test

piv·ot shift test

a maneuver to detect a deficiency of the anterior cruciate ligament of the knee; when the knee is moved into a position near full extension, a subluxation of the lateral tibial condyle upon the distal femur is positive.
References in periodicals archive ?
(2) (The anterior drawer test has too low a sensitivity to rule out ACL injuries, and the pivot shift test is a bit too challenging to be performed reliably.)
There was no anterior or posterior drawer, she was stable to varus and valgus stresses, and her pivot shift test was negative.
Pivot shift test: The pivot shift test is a dynamic test which also tests the integrity of the ACL.
The other 2 tests, the Lachman test and the pivot shift test, are more difficult to perform and are used less often, especially by physicians untrained in their use.
* Ligament laxity was assessed using Lachman's test, Anterior drawer's test and Pivot shift test.
Orthopaedic surgeons can clinically reproduce this symptom when performing the pivot shift test, first described by Galway and colleagues in 1972, as reported here from a subsequent publication.
Clinically, the orthopedic literature abounds with several descriptions of physical examination procedures and diagnostic tests to specifically assess the integrity of the menisci, such as joint line tenderness (JLT), (24) Apley compression test, (23) Anderson medial-lateral grind test, (25) McMurray's test, (26) Bounce home maneuver (24) and newer tests such as the Axially loaded pivot shift test, (10) KKU knee compression rotation test (27), Ege's test (22) and Thessaly test.
One of the most useful tests employed for chronic ACL insufficiency is the pivot shift test, which assists in determining to what extent the ACL has been torn.