However, this writer would offer the possibility of the pictographic
works as Sioux.
Apparently the pictographic
script had changed many times to form more abstract symbols--by the simplification of the figures into outlines in which it was no longer possible to read the model, or else by the ingrowth of tangles of lines--and many times, too, the abstract symbols turned back into pictures, once their outlines began to live and grow, the tangles of lines yielding the figures of humans and demons, animals, birds, and monsters, which till then had been present only in the shapes of the letters as distant dreams or reflected reflections--as memory and suggestion.
Central to the mystique of hieroglyphs was their pictographic
While the geography in this area might have been what inspired James Hilton in his novel Lost Horizon, some have suggested that the inspiration for his protagonist was Joseph Rock, the naturalist and linguist who lived near Lijiang for two decades and catalogued hundreds of plants while also translating Naxi myths from their pictographic
Dongba language into English.
Potts ("Ceremonial Threshing or Mobile Shepherds' Huts?" in Beitrage zur Vorderasiatischen Archaologie, 410-11) points out that the sledges with covered structures on them depicted in the two seal impressions and the stone relief discussed by Littauer and Crouwel and in the pictographic
sign discussed by Steinkeller are very similar to an ethnographically attested type of movable "shepherd's hut" on runners attested in Bulgaria.
Lopez and his associates, examining images of Mictlantecuhtli found in pictographic
books called codices, noted that they are depicted being drenched in offerings of blood.
Lakota "winter counts," or pictographic
calendars, document a similar chronology for the appearance of flags on the Northern Plains.
The well illustrated volume includes discussions of the dating of pictographs, analysing the various types, interpreting pictographic
figures, and relating them to the history and culture of the Plains Indians.
The map shows mostly pictographic
toponyms, but all the key landmarks in the valley can be clearly read, with two rivers, a spring pouring from the mouth of a cave, an irregular dip in the valley floor, and the steep walls on either side.
Saunders (1994) identifies several categories of prepared forms of visual message or visual forms of communication: symbols (pictographic
or abstract), maps, graphs, diagrams, illustrations or rendered pictures (realistic to abstract), photographs (still or moving), three-dimensional models, graphic devices and elements.
The world's earliest clay tablets, portraying simple labels and lists of goods with pictographic
symbols, also appeared, foreshadowing the birth of fully expressive writing around 3000 B.C.