physical fitness


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Legal, Financial, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to physical fitness: physical education

physical

 [fiz´ĭ-kal]
pertaining to the body, to material things, or to physics.
physical fitness a state of physiologic well being that is achieved through a combination of good diet, regular physical exercise, and other practices that promote good health.
physical therapist a rehabilitation professional who promotes optimal health and functional independence through the application of scientific principles to prevent, identify, assess, correct, or alleviate acute or chronic movement dysfunction, physical disability, or pain. A physical therapist is a graduate of a physical therapy program approved by a nationally recognized accrediting body or has achieved the documented equivalent in education, training, or experience; in addition, the therapist must meet any current legal requirements of licensure or registration and be currently competent in the field.

Persons wishing to practice as qualified physical therapists must be licensed. All 50 states of the United States, the District of Columbia, and the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico require such licensure. All applicants for licensure must have a degree or certificate from an accredited physical therapy educational program. To qualify for licensure they must pass a state licensure examination.

Physical therapy assistants and aides work under the supervision of professional physical therapists. Training requirements for physical therapy assistants are not uniform throughout the United States. In 39 of the states licensure is available to graduates of an accredited two-year associate degree program; some require the passing of a written examination. Physical therapy aides can qualify for that position by training on the job in hospitals and other health care facilities.

Further information about the curriculum for physical therapists and physical therapist assistants, available programs of study, requirements for practice, and other relevant information can be obtained by contacting the American Physical Therapy Association, 1111 N. Fairfax St., Alexandria, VA 22314, telephone (703) 684–2782.
physical therapy the profession practiced by licensed physical therapists. According to guidelines published by the American Physical Therapy Association, physical therapy should be defined as the examination, treatment, and instruction of persons in order to detect, assess, prevent, correct, alleviate, and limit physical disability and bodily malfunction. The practice of physical therapy includes the administration, interpretation, and evaluation of tests and measurements of bodily functions and structures and the planning, administration, evaluation, and modification of treatment and instruction, including the use of physical measures, activities, and devices, for preventive and therapeutic purposes. Additionally, it provides consultative, educational, and other advisory services for the purpose of reducing the incidence and severity of physical disability, bodily malfunction, movement dysfunction, and pain.
chest physical therapy a form of respiratory therapy in which the patient is positioned to facilitate removal of secretions (postural drainage) and the chest wall is clapped to help loosen the secretions (percussion).

phys·i·cal fit·ness

a state of well-being in which performance is optimal.

physical fitness1

the ability to carry out daily tasks with alertness and vigor, without undue fatigue, and with enough energy reserve to meet emergencies or to enjoy leisure time pursuits.

physical fitness2

a nursing outcome from the Nursing Outcomes Classification (NOC) defined as performance of physical activities with vigor. See also Nursing Outcomes Classification.

physical fitness

Public health A state of physical well-being and higher-than-average tolerance to ↑ cardiovascular activity; PF is defined by exercise test tolerance to a standard treadmill protocol, which requires a cardiovascular 'reserve'; the degree to which a person meets or exceeds expected working capacity according to body weight; there is '…a graded, inverse association between physical fitness and mortality from cardiovascular causes …independent of age and conventional coronary risk factors.' See Exercise, Obesity.

phys·i·cal fit·ness

(fiz'i-kăl fit'nĕs)
A set of attributes relating to one's ability to perform physical activity; primary marker variable is maximal oxygen consumption.
See also: health-related physical fitness

phys·i·cal fit·ness

(fiz'i-kăl fit'nĕs)
A set of attributes relating to one's ability to perform physical activity.

physical

pertaining to the body, to material things, or to physics.

physical agent
the physical causes of disease. Includes altitude, radiation, wetness, exercise, fire, electricity including lightning.
physical diagnosis
a preliminary diagnosis made solely on the basis of a physical examination. Often all that is possible in private practice.
physical examination
examination of the bodily state of a patient by ordinary physical means, as inspection, palpation, percussion and auscultation.
physical exhaustion
see physical exhaustion.
physical findings
results of a physical examination. Observations made visually, by auscultation, palpation, smell, percussion, succussion and ballottement.
physical fitness
quality of being able to perform physically, to turn in a good physical performance. Best tested by performance but in horses can be vaguely predicted by a series of tests including hemoglobin content of blood, heart size, duration of the QRS interval on an ECG, and low levels of muscle enzymes in blood.
physical insults
physical agencies that cause disease. These include trauma, stress (physical as in stress fracture of long bones in horses), hyperthermia (as a cause of congenital defects), persistent wetting, high altitude, lightning stroke, electrocution, bushfire and fire injury, volcanic eruption and exposure to radiation.
physical map
in genetics, determination of the array of genes within a DNA segment of a chromosome.
physical restraint
the use of halters, collars and chains, ropes, harness, twitches of various sorts, squeeze cages, hog holders, dog catchers and many more devices. As distinct from the use of analeptic agents—chemical restraint.
physical stress
see stress.
physical therapist
one who is skilled in the physical and therapeutic techniques of helping to alleviate suffering from muscle, nerve, joint and bone diseases and from injuries and to overcome or prevent disabilities. Among the procedures used by the physical therapist are exercise to increase strength, endurance, coordination, and range of motion; electrical stimulation to activate paralyzed muscles; massage, vibrators and many other patented devices to try to improve the circulation and condition of a part. Called also physiotherapist.

Patient discussion about physical fitness

Q. Do you exercise at all? If so, what exercise do you perform and why? What are it's benefits? I am looking to incorporate different routines and exercises into my workouts and would like your assistance.

A. i do 60 pushups,60 situps, and run 2 miles in 15 mins. then lift weights,my whole work out lasts about an hour a day.

Q. What do you eat after a workout? What do you recommend a person eat after a cardio session? what about a lifting session?

A. I hear swimming is good for you also. Very low impact and the benefits are amazing.

More discussions about physical fitness
References in periodicals archive ?
Davis's filing of a charge of discrimination with the EEOC, the Department announced that it would not use the physical fitness test as an initial eligibility requirement for the 2014 application process.
Esteban-Cornejo and the UP and DOWN Study Group members analysed 2,038 Spanish children and adolescents aged between 6-18 years, and found that though cardiorespiratory capacity and motor ability, both independently and combined, were related to academic performance, the association of academic performance and physical fitness was stronger for motor ability than cardiorespiratory capacity, meaning that motor ability may be more important for academic performance.
An important consideration before beginning a physical fitness routine is to receive a medical clearance.
We have a problem in the district where we score among the lowest in physical fitness,'' school board President Marlene Canter said.
Above and beyond the CF Express Test, which is a joke, the army has adopted the Land Force Command Physical Fitness Standard (LFCPFS).
Further, such training sometimes does not link physical fitness with the skills needed for the job.
Plenty of sports help to develop physical fitness, confidence, and other factors we value in our children.
schools to that will receive the company's sponsorship to bring theof the President's Challenge, the physical activity and fitness awards program of the President's Council on Physical Fitness and SportsPresidential Active Lifestyle and Physical Fitness Awards of the President's Challenge to thousands of students.
Subjects' diets were analyzed, their blood was checked for cholesterol and other parameters, and their physical fitness was assessed.
That's the conclusion, at any rate, of two new studies that demonstrate for the first time in people that physical fitness, whether achieved on one's own or through a brief aerobic-training course, induces brain changes associated with improved performance on an attention-taxing task.
At Vista del Monte Retirement Community in Santa Barbara, California, however, physical fitness is more than just another way to profitably kill time during the day--it's the cornerstone of a way of life.
Illinois based sports instructional and physical fitness publisher, Human Kinetics has posted a 10% increase in revenue for the fiscal year 2003.