physical diagnosis


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diagnosis

 [di″ag-no´sis]
1. determination of the nature of a cause of a disease.
2. a concise technical description of the cause, nature, or manifestations of a condition, situation, or problem. adj., adj diagnos´tic.
clinical diagnosis diagnosis based on signs, symptoms, and laboratory findings during life.
differential diagnosis the determination of which one of several diseases may be producing the symptoms.
medical diagnosis diagnosis based on information from sources such as findings from a physical examination, interview with the patient or family or both, medical history of the patient and family, and clinical findings as reported by laboratory tests and radiologic studies.
nursing diagnosis see nursing diagnosis.
physical diagnosis diagnosis based on information obtained by inspection, palpation, percussion, and auscultation.
diagnosis-Related Groups (DRG) a system of classification or grouping of patients according to medical diagnosis for purposes of paying hospitalization costs. In 1983, amendments to Social Security contained a prospective payment plan for most Medicare inpatient services in the United States. The payment plan was intended to control rising health care costs by paying a fixed amount per patient. The program of DRG reimbursement was based on the premise that similar medical diagnoses would generate similar costs for hospitalization. Therefore, all patients admitted for a surgical procedure such as hernia repair would be charged the same amount regardless of actual cost to the hospital. If a patient's hospital bill should total less than the amount paid by Medicare, the hospital is allowed to keep the difference. If, however, a patient's bill is more than that reimbursed by Medicare for a specific diagnosis, the hospital must absorb the difference in cost. See also appendix of Diagnosis-Related Groups.

phys·i·cal di·ag·no·sis

1. a diagnosis made by means of physical examination of the patient.
2. the process of a physical examination.

physical diagnosis

the diagnostic process accomplished by the study of the physical manifestations of health, disease, and illness revealed in the physical examination, as guided by the patient's complete history and supported by various laboratory tests. Physical diagnosis is to medicine what the health assessment is to nursing.

phys·i·cal di·ag·no·sis

(fizi-kăl dīăg-nōsis)
A diagnosis made by means of physical examination of the patient, or the process of a physical examination.

phys·i·cal di·ag·no·sis

(fizi-kăl dīăg-nōsis)
1. Diagnosis made by means of physical examination of the patient.
2. Process of a physical examination.

diagnosis

a name given to a disease so that each veterinarian means the same syndrome as every other veterinarian. It is then possible to prescribe for and make a prognosis about any one case on the basis of the outcomes in a series of animals with the same diagnosis. A diagnosis may be the name of a disease with a specific etiology, or one which is only a description of the morphological identity of the disease, a pathoanatomical diagnosis, or be a syndrome which is a description of the total symptomatology, or a single clinical sign.

clinical diagnosis
diagnosis based on clinical signs and laboratory findings during life.
computer assisted diagnosis
a computer program identifies the diseases that fit the identified abnormalities best.
differential diagnosis
the determination of which one of several diseases may be producing the signs observed.
etiological diagnosis
identifies the specific cause of the disease.
pathoanatomical diagnosis
diagnosis to the point of identifying the system and organ involved and the nature of the lesion, but short of identifying the cause.
physical diagnosis
diagnosis based on information obtained by inspection, palpation, percussion and auscultation.
radiological diagnosis
a good radiological report does more than report findings. It interprets these findings if possible up to the point of making a pathoanatomical diagnosis (see above).
veterinary diagnosis
diagnosis performed by a veterinarian and based on information gleaned from a variety of sources, including (1) findings from a physical examination, (2) interview with the owner or custodian of the animal, (3) veterinary history of the patient and its cohorts and (4) paraclinical findings as reported by pertinent laboratory tests and radiological studies.

physical

pertaining to the body, to material things, or to physics.

physical agent
the physical causes of disease. Includes altitude, radiation, wetness, exercise, fire, electricity including lightning.
physical diagnosis
a preliminary diagnosis made solely on the basis of a physical examination. Often all that is possible in private practice.
physical examination
examination of the bodily state of a patient by ordinary physical means, as inspection, palpation, percussion and auscultation.
physical exhaustion
see physical exhaustion.
physical findings
results of a physical examination. Observations made visually, by auscultation, palpation, smell, percussion, succussion and ballottement.
physical fitness
quality of being able to perform physically, to turn in a good physical performance. Best tested by performance but in horses can be vaguely predicted by a series of tests including hemoglobin content of blood, heart size, duration of the QRS interval on an ECG, and low levels of muscle enzymes in blood.
physical insults
physical agencies that cause disease. These include trauma, stress (physical as in stress fracture of long bones in horses), hyperthermia (as a cause of congenital defects), persistent wetting, high altitude, lightning stroke, electrocution, bushfire and fire injury, volcanic eruption and exposure to radiation.
physical map
in genetics, determination of the array of genes within a DNA segment of a chromosome.
physical restraint
the use of halters, collars and chains, ropes, harness, twitches of various sorts, squeeze cages, hog holders, dog catchers and many more devices. As distinct from the use of analeptic agents—chemical restraint.
physical stress
see stress.
physical therapist
one who is skilled in the physical and therapeutic techniques of helping to alleviate suffering from muscle, nerve, joint and bone diseases and from injuries and to overcome or prevent disabilities. Among the procedures used by the physical therapist are exercise to increase strength, endurance, coordination, and range of motion; electrical stimulation to activate paralyzed muscles; massage, vibrators and many other patented devices to try to improve the circulation and condition of a part. Called also physiotherapist.
References in periodicals archive ?
We live in an era in which technology is supplanting instead of supplementing bedside physical diagnosis, dehumanizing medicine while increasing its cost.
Emphasis placed on anatomy that is important in physical diagnosis for primary care, interpretation of diagnostic imaging, and understanding the anatomical basis of emergency medicine and general surgery.
The development of physical diagnosis made France the center of world medicine and medical education in the first half of the 19th century.
Mangione (medicine, Thomas Jefferson University) provides concise answers to questions on physical diagnosis and health assessment, along with pearls, tips, memory aids, and often humorous explorations of the men, women, and literary figures behind the names for many signs and symptoms.
The real challenge to family physicians in evaluating pseudocyesis is not the physical diagnosis, but rather the counseling that is necessary to reduce the symptoms when incest in involved.
This text reviews essentials of neuroanatomy, neurophysiology, neuropharmacology, physical diagnosis, and neurology.
There are some aspects of the presentation that might remind one of the physical diagnosis texts we encountered as students.

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