physical dependence


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dependence

 [de-pen´dens]
a need for something; sometimes used as a synonym for drug dependence.
chemical dependence (drug dependence) see drug dependence.
emotional dependence psychological dependence.
physical dependence (physiological dependence) drug dependence in which the drug is used to prevent withdrawal symptoms or in which it is associated with tolerance, or both.
psychoactive substance dependence drug dependence.
psychological dependence drug dependence in which the drug is used to obtain relief from tension or emotional discomfort; called also emotional dependence.
substance dependence drug dependence.

physical dependence

substance dependence in which there is evidence of tolerance, withdrawal, or both.

physical dependence

Substance abuse A physiologic state of neuro-adaptation to a specific opioid, characterized by a withdrawal syndrome if the drug is stopped or ↓ abruptly, or if an antagonist administered; PD may be relieved partly or completely by readministration of the substance. See Addiction, Tolerance.
References in periodicals archive ?
Note that physical dependence also occurs with other drugs that have no addiction potential, such as beta-blockers, alpha-2-adrenergic agents (eg clonidine), some anticonvulsants and tricyclic antidepressants.
One respondent replied in each of the categories of guilt, low self-esteem, physical attraction, physical dependence, and feeling trapped.
Schedule I drugs, such as heroin and LSD, have unpredictable effects, including severe psychological or physical dependence or death; have the highest potential for abuse; and have no currently accepted medical use in treatment.
This article uses the term "problem drinking" to describe people who drink heavily or experience occasional problems from drinking but who do not have a history of severe physical dependence on alcohol.
Similarly, since 1964, the WHO expert committee on drug addiction has deemed physical dependence "neither necessary nor sufficient to define addiction.
Tramadol has a potential to cause psychic and physical dependence.
With its relatively long half-life of 10-13 hours, DHE also poses less risk of physical dependence than does ergotamine, Dr.
Data show that the products are widely diverted and abused at rates similar to that of oxycodone products, which are schedule II, said the agency, which added that abuse is associated with severe psychological or physical dependence, and many are being admitted to addiction treatment.
On the other hand, NPD1=PD1 can relieve neuropathic pain at very low doses and, more importantly, mice receiving the treatment did not show signs of physical dependence or enhanced tolerance toward the lipid compound.
It is addictive and can lead to a strong psychological and physical dependence.
The negative health impacts of coffee are also reviewed in chapters on prenatal coffee consumption, the occurrence of acrylamide and furan in coffee, the impact of coffee on gastric acid secretion, and mental risks such as tolerance and physical dependence, anxiety, sleep problems, and psychosis.
If your mum has been taking them for longer than three months, she will have developed a physical dependence that she will not be aware of until she stops.