physical activity


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activity

 [ak-tiv´ĭ-te]
1. the quality or process of exerting energy or of accomplishing an effect.
2. a thermodynamic quantity that represents the effective concentration of a solute in a non-ideal solution. Symbol a.
3. the number of disintegrations per unit of a radioactive material. Symbol A.
4. the presence of recordable electrical energy in a nerve or muscle.
a's of daily living (ADL) activities that are necessary for daily care of oneself and independent community living. It includes using the toilet and grooming, dressing, and feeding oneself; independent community living includes driving, shopping, homemaking, care of family, work activities, and so on. See also self care, self care deficit, and self care assistance.(See accompanying table.)
deficient diversional activity a nursing diagnosis approved by the North American Nursing Diagnosis Association, defined as the experiencing by an individual of decreased stimulation from, interest in, or engagement in recreational or leisure activities. Formerly called diversional activity deficit. Possible causes include prolonged hospitalization or immobility at home, frequent and lengthy treatments such as renal dialysis, and a monotonous, nonstimulating environment. The patient usually gives subjective evidence that this condition exists by verbalizing a feeling of boredom or stating a desire for something to do or gives objective evidence by acting depressed or restless.

Nursing interventions that could be appropriate for diversional activity deficit include interviewing the patient to assess the current situation and to assist in developing plans for activities that provide interest and stimulation. These activities could include music, games, reading, handwork, or any other pastimes enjoyed by the patient. Patients may need assistance in identifying available resources and motivation to take advantage of the activities they provide.
enzyme activity the catalytic effect exerted by an enzyme, expressed as units per milligram of enzyme (specific activity) or molecules of substrate transformed per minute per molecule of enzyme (molecular activity).
malignant ventricular ectopic activity ventricular fibrillation or ventricular tachycardia with syncope, heart failure, myocardial ischemia, or hypotension.
optical activity the ability of a chemical compound to rotate the plane of polarization of plane-polarized light.
physical activity bodily movements, such as those accompanying activities of daily living.
pulseless electrical activity (PEA) continued electrical rhythmicity of the heart in the absence of effective mechanical function; it may be due to uncoupling of ventricular muscle contraction from electrical activity or may be secondary to cardiac damage with respiratory failure and cessation of cardiac venous return. Called also electromechanical dissociation.
purposeful activity in occupational therapy, tasks or experiences in which the individual actively participates that require and elicit coordination between the sensory, motor, cognitive, and psychological systems. Each person has a unique set of purposeful activities, influenced by his or her life roles, and, when doing one of them, directs attention to the task itself rather than to the internal processes involved. Activities may yield immediate results or may require sustained effort and repetition, and they may either represent new responses or be part of complex, longstanding patterns of behavior.
sustained rhythmic activity the continuous generation of action potentials within the heart in the absence of artificial or external stimulation.
triggered activity activity in which nondriven action potentials arise from afterpotentials that were caused by the previous action potential.

physical activity

Athletic, recreational or occupational activities that require physical skills and utilize strength, power, endurance, speed, flexibility, range of motion or agility; PA is a behavioral parameter used to evaluate a Pt's cardiovascular 'reserve'. See MET.

phys·i·cal ac·tiv·i·ty

(fiz'i-kăl ak-tiv'i-tē)
Any body movement produced by muscles that results in energy expenditure.
See: exercise

Patient discussion about physical activity

Q. Can someone tell what needs to be noticed in her physical and mental behavior? my friend is showing some symptoms of bipolar as she is always depressed and it continuous for long without any reason. Can someone tell what needs to be noticed in her physical and mental behavior?

A. Generally bipolar is worse than general depression and the signs you must observe are: Look out for physical changes like losing weight and appetite, insomnia, early waking after sleep, fatigue, constipation. Look for mental changes like negative thinking, lack of concentration, can she make simple decisions. Look for emotional changes as they are also equally important like unhappiness which doesn’t goes for long time, feeling to burst in tears without reason, loose interest in things, dos not enjoy, always agitated and irritated, lack of self confidence, hopelessness.

Q. how does physical training, as lifting weight effects your body?

A. It increases the mass of the trained muscles, so you may gain weight, but the percentage of fat decreases. It also makes the body spend more calories after the exercise and during rest (although this effect m may be more subtle than once was thought to be).

Weight lifting may also improve your ability to control your muscles, standing and gait.

You should know that there's a fundamental difference between aerobic exercise (e.g. running, swimming) and anaerobic exercise (e.g. weight lifting). While the first improves mainly the heart, the latter affects mainly the exercised muscles

You may want to read more here:
http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/exerciseandphysicalfitness.html

More discussions about physical activity
References in periodicals archive ?
Less than an hour of vigorous physical activity, on the other hand, was linked to a reduction in risk of between 23 percent and 37 percent for cardiovascular disease and death from any cause.
The researchers assigned a metabolic-equivalent (MET) value to the different types of physical activity, and calculated the average number of MET-hours per week of physical activity for each participant's lifetime, taking into account both the duration and intensity of physical activity.
On the basis of these data, the authors categorized the leisure-time physical activity into three areas following the U.
Physical activity: Physical activity was assessed using by Baecke et al (1982).
We want to promote physical activity as a healthy behaviour for people of all ages, nationalities and characteristics.
The authors said that the findings added to the literature by suggesting that the combination of high physical activity and low leisure time sitting is a stronger protective factor against becoming obese than either behaviour on its own.
Several challenges have been encountered when implementing physical activity interventions for low income populations.
Exercise or physical activity not only prevent NCDs but it also helps in the treatment of the diseases as well.
The short form of the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ-S) has been recommended for use in studies to evaluate patterns of physical activity that are relevant to health (World Health Organization, 2007).
This presents a prime opportunity for federal and state leadership to advance the implementation of quality physical activity programs in the school setting.
Dr Michael Cassop Thompson is now interim chair of the North East Chartered Institute for Sport and Physical Activity (CIMSPA) management board.
Britain's most successful Paralympian Baroness Tanni Grey-Thompson visited the Senedd on Tuesday ahead of the first meeting of the Schools and Physical Activity Task and Finish Group.

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