physical activity


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Legal, Financial, Acronyms, Encyclopedia.

activity

 [ak-tiv´ĭ-te]
1. the quality or process of exerting energy or of accomplishing an effect.
2. a thermodynamic quantity that represents the effective concentration of a solute in a non-ideal solution. Symbol a.
3. the number of disintegrations per unit of a radioactive material. Symbol A.
4. the presence of recordable electrical energy in a nerve or muscle.
a's of daily living (ADL) activities that are necessary for daily care of oneself and independent community living. It includes using the toilet and grooming, dressing, and feeding oneself; independent community living includes driving, shopping, homemaking, care of family, work activities, and so on. See also self care, self care deficit, and self care assistance.(See accompanying table.)
deficient diversional activity a nursing diagnosis approved by the North American Nursing Diagnosis Association, defined as the experiencing by an individual of decreased stimulation from, interest in, or engagement in recreational or leisure activities. Formerly called diversional activity deficit. Possible causes include prolonged hospitalization or immobility at home, frequent and lengthy treatments such as renal dialysis, and a monotonous, nonstimulating environment. The patient usually gives subjective evidence that this condition exists by verbalizing a feeling of boredom or stating a desire for something to do or gives objective evidence by acting depressed or restless.

Nursing interventions that could be appropriate for diversional activity deficit include interviewing the patient to assess the current situation and to assist in developing plans for activities that provide interest and stimulation. These activities could include music, games, reading, handwork, or any other pastimes enjoyed by the patient. Patients may need assistance in identifying available resources and motivation to take advantage of the activities they provide.
enzyme activity the catalytic effect exerted by an enzyme, expressed as units per milligram of enzyme (specific activity) or molecules of substrate transformed per minute per molecule of enzyme (molecular activity).
malignant ventricular ectopic activity ventricular fibrillation or ventricular tachycardia with syncope, heart failure, myocardial ischemia, or hypotension.
optical activity the ability of a chemical compound to rotate the plane of polarization of plane-polarized light.
physical activity bodily movements, such as those accompanying activities of daily living.
pulseless electrical activity (PEA) continued electrical rhythmicity of the heart in the absence of effective mechanical function; it may be due to uncoupling of ventricular muscle contraction from electrical activity or may be secondary to cardiac damage with respiratory failure and cessation of cardiac venous return. Called also electromechanical dissociation.
purposeful activity in occupational therapy, tasks or experiences in which the individual actively participates that require and elicit coordination between the sensory, motor, cognitive, and psychological systems. Each person has a unique set of purposeful activities, influenced by his or her life roles, and, when doing one of them, directs attention to the task itself rather than to the internal processes involved. Activities may yield immediate results or may require sustained effort and repetition, and they may either represent new responses or be part of complex, longstanding patterns of behavior.
sustained rhythmic activity the continuous generation of action potentials within the heart in the absence of artificial or external stimulation.
triggered activity activity in which nondriven action potentials arise from afterpotentials that were caused by the previous action potential.

physical activity

Athletic, recreational or occupational activities that require physical skills and utilize strength, power, endurance, speed, flexibility, range of motion or agility; PA is a behavioral parameter used to evaluate a Pt's cardiovascular 'reserve'. See MET.

phys·i·cal ac·tiv·i·ty

(fiz'i-kăl ak-tiv'i-tē)
Any body movement produced by muscles that results in energy expenditure.
See: exercise

Patient discussion about physical activity

Q. Can someone tell what needs to be noticed in her physical and mental behavior? my friend is showing some symptoms of bipolar as she is always depressed and it continuous for long without any reason. Can someone tell what needs to be noticed in her physical and mental behavior?

A. Generally bipolar is worse than general depression and the signs you must observe are: Look out for physical changes like losing weight and appetite, insomnia, early waking after sleep, fatigue, constipation. Look for mental changes like negative thinking, lack of concentration, can she make simple decisions. Look for emotional changes as they are also equally important like unhappiness which doesn’t goes for long time, feeling to burst in tears without reason, loose interest in things, dos not enjoy, always agitated and irritated, lack of self confidence, hopelessness.

Q. how does physical training, as lifting weight effects your body?

A. It increases the mass of the trained muscles, so you may gain weight, but the percentage of fat decreases. It also makes the body spend more calories after the exercise and during rest (although this effect m may be more subtle than once was thought to be).

Weight lifting may also improve your ability to control your muscles, standing and gait.

You should know that there's a fundamental difference between aerobic exercise (e.g. running, swimming) and anaerobic exercise (e.g. weight lifting). While the first improves mainly the heart, the latter affects mainly the exercised muscles

You may want to read more here:
http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/exerciseandphysicalfitness.html

More discussions about physical activity
References in periodicals archive ?
Researchers used this information to calculate a Godin Leisure Score Index, a physical activity score which is a validated tool for measuring physical activity in oncology patients.
Light physical activity, such as slow walking, was not associated with lower death rate during the study.
An indirect association between weight-related teasing and physical activity enjoyment was previously demonstrated in adolescents (Faith et al.
But, there is relatively infrequent evidence that physical activity prevents bone loss or increases bone mineral density after menopause.
Mild physical activity was defined as activities involving body movement, muscle work and energy expenditure, with a significant increase in heart rate but without causing an outstanding effort to the individual.
Section I of the questionnaire consists of the short form of IPAQ (International Physical Activity Questionnaire), which was used because of its high reliability and validity.
Li-Ming Chiang [6] conducted studies aimed at comparing the level of physical activity of students from Taiwan and the United States.
Total time spent per week engaging in moderate-to-vigorous physical activity can be summed across each of the four domains, and computed to establish if participants are meeting physical activity recommendations (World Health Organization, 2010, Department of Health and Ageing, 2004).
The results of Pearson coefficient about women citizens indicate that there isn't significant relationship between women's quality of life with sport physical activity, leisure physical activity and work physical activity.
The knowledge gained from this study can be used to improve services offered by food pantries to include physical activity interventions.
Regular physical activity for young people improves health and fitness as strength and endurance, helps growing up with healthy bones and muscles, helps control weight and increases self-esteem.
They outline the brain systems that are affected by physical activity and how they affect mental well-being, international guidelines and national population-based actions, challenges in measuring physical activity in the context of mental health, and factors influencing the interaction between mental health and physical activity, including social class, self-esteem, overtraining, physical functioning in older adults, and the impact of physical activity on mental health in long-term conditions.

Full browser ?