physeal

physeal

pertaining to growth or to that part of a bone that is responsible for lengthening—the physis.

physeal delayed closure
occurs when there is inadequate growth hormone, as in hypopituitarism.
physeal dysplasia
essentially a disease of horses which consists of a self-limiting disturbance of endochondral ossification affecting the metaphyseal physes of young horses; called also physitis, epiphysitis.
physeal focal closure
occurs as a result of damage to or displacement of the growth plate; bony bridges develop uniting the epiphysis and the metaphysis, many leading to bone deformities.
physeal premature closure
usually the result of injury and seen most often in dogs. Causes abnormal development of the bone, the type and severity depending on the age of the animal and the particular location. The most vulnerable are the radius and ulna, mainly because closure of one physis results in unequal growth of the two parallel bones and angular deformity often results.
physeal scar
see epiphyseal scar.
References in periodicals archive ?
Knee Dislocations and Physeal Fractures about the Knee in Pediatric Patients
Destruction of variable areas of the growth plate and avascular necrosis of hyaline and physeal cartilage were suggested to be the reason for growth disturbances seen in those children.
Physeal fractures are due to repetitive stress fractures in a poorly sensate limb and, similar to Charcot arthropathy, require long-term orthotic splinting after the initial cast immobilisation.
9) While proximal femoral histology in control rats had discontinuation and thinning of the growth plate as a result of this loading, rats with an inherent predisposition to osteonecrosis had increased physeal depression and distortion as seen in LCP.
Other lesions almost always involve the epiphysis (giant cell tumor after physeal closure (Figure 3), chondroblastoma).
In this case, the little-finger physeal injuries were thought to have occurred as a result of repeated trauma by contact with the ball during overhand passing, resulting in a Salter-Harris type V injury on the anteroposterior planes and a Salter Harris type II injury on the lateral planes.
OBPP related injuries include clavicular fractures, physeal fractures of the humerus, fractures of the shoulder girdle, torticollis, facial and phrenic nerve palsy (7,8).
The initial seven chapters, grouped under basic principles, include the topics of physeal injuries and growth disturbances, multiple injuries, and child abuse.
10) HRT should not be prescribed for younger women who have not completed their growth, as estrogens can cause physeal closure.
6,29) The benefits of high-dose radiation should be balanced with its potential side effects, which include postirradiation fibrosis, joint contractures, neuropathy, radiation-induced sarcoma, and disturbance of physeal growth plates in younger patients.
Premature partial physeal arrest: diagnosis by magnetic resonance imaging in two cases.