physeal

physeal

pertaining to growth or to that part of a bone that is responsible for lengthening—the physis.

physeal delayed closure
occurs when there is inadequate growth hormone, as in hypopituitarism.
physeal dysplasia
essentially a disease of horses which consists of a self-limiting disturbance of endochondral ossification affecting the metaphyseal physes of young horses; called also physitis, epiphysitis.
physeal focal closure
occurs as a result of damage to or displacement of the growth plate; bony bridges develop uniting the epiphysis and the metaphysis, many leading to bone deformities.
physeal premature closure
usually the result of injury and seen most often in dogs. Causes abnormal development of the bone, the type and severity depending on the age of the animal and the particular location. The most vulnerable are the radius and ulna, mainly because closure of one physis results in unequal growth of the two parallel bones and angular deformity often results.
physeal scar
see epiphyseal scar.
References in periodicals archive ?
Traditional education, including reports from Salter and Harris, state that ankle injuries in skeletally immature pediatric patients are more likely to be physeal fractures than ligamentous rupture.
Clinicoradiologically, diagnosis of Gustilo-Anderson Type IIIB Open Bilateral Distal Radius Physeal Separation (Salter-Harris type I) with greenstick fracture of right distal ulna was established.
Some authors have stated that osteotomy of the trochanter major may lead to early physeal closure and may cause growth retardation in the proximal femur (15).
The 'trampoline ankle': severe medial malleolar physeal injuries in children and adolescents secondary to multioccupant use of trampolines.
Congenital fibular pseudarthrosis, longitudinal fibular deficiency, multiple hereditary exostoses (MHE), post-traumatic physeal arrest, and myelodysplasia are examples in which distal fibular growth disruption can lead to unbalanced growth between the medial and lateral tibial epiphyses.
A similar but not identical entity is a distal radial physeal fracture, (7) sometimes referred to as "gymnast's wrist.
Although physeal injury is not a usual component of the supracondylar fracture of humerus in children, inappropriate treatment can cause this also.
Acute slipped capital femoral epiphysis: the importance of physeal stability.
It is measured in the anteroposterior projection and defined as the angle which makes physeal line of the lateral condyle and the longitudinal axis of the humerus--the line that divides the humerus in two equal parts in the longitudinal direction.
This text outlines a system of decision making in pediatric orthopedics for the treatment of deformities, dislocations, deficiencies, discrepancies of limb length, decreased joint mobility, paralyses, epiphyseal and physeal problems, infections, and acquired defects in long bones.
Physeal change after tuberculous osteomyelitis of the long bone in children.
As fusion of the distal epiphysis is not complete until the mid-twenties, fractures of the lateral end in children usually result in a physeal separation of the distal clavicle, rather than a true acromioclavicular (AC) separation [2-4].