Sequences of multiple genes or genomes have been used in phylogenetic
studies in recent years and provided insights into the higher-level relationships in insects (Misof et al., 2014).
The Mann-Whitney U test was done using Statistical Package for the Social Sciences Software V22.0 (SPSS Statistics for Windows, IBM Corp.; Armonk, New York, USA) to compare the phylogenetic
groups between the studied hosts.
analyses suggested that the Dk/Tw/17 virus belongs to clade 188.8.131.52C genotype C5 that was found in China, South Korea, and Japan during 2016-2017 (Figure, panel A; online Technical Appendix 1 Figure 1).
coli strains positive for one or more virulence genes were tested by PCR for characterization of the phylogenetic
groups A, B1, B2, C, D, E, and F, according to CLERMONT et al.
Chemotaxonomic studies, leaf micromorphology, and cytology are also needed and may help in phylogenetic
elucidation of Plectranthus genus.
Salemi, "Genetic distances and nucleotide substitution models - practice," in The Phylogenetic
Handbook: A Practical Approach to Phylogenetic
Analysis and Hypothesis Testing, P.
grouping was determined using a simple, quick, reproducible assay  that is most suitable for resources limited laboratories.
ExPEC isolates usually belong to phylogenetic
group B2 and to a lesser extent to group D, whilst commensal isolates are derived from groups A and B1 (Escobar-Paramo et al., 2004).
For further phylogenetic
analysis and alignment of sequence, closely related sequences were retrieved from GenBank.
Keywords: Mitochondrial cytochrome-b, cytochrome-c, d-loop, Phylogenetic
, Pakistani nilgai.
Homologous structures comparing different species should be understood to formulate the phylogenetic
In this phylogenetic
context, the use of net relatedness index (NRI) and nearest taxon index (NTI) (Webb, 2000) has proven useful for the analysis of microbial phylogenetic
structure within different communities and environments.