(1) found that neovascular glaucoma responded well to TS-CPC in their study, but was associated with a higher rate of hyphema and phthisis bulbi
. In our study, the mean preoperative and postoperative IOP levels in patients with neovascular glaucoma were 44.1[+ or -]9.2 mmHg and 20.5[+ or -]6.1 mmHg, respectively (p=0.008).
Some authors applied PRP to the ciliary body to decrease the aqueous humor yield, but the incidence rate of severe hypotony or phthisis bulbi
Malignant melanoma and massive retinal gliosis in phthisis bulbi
A study of specialized schools in India reported that corneal staphyloma, scars, and phthisis bulbi
were the major causes of blindness and low vision (26.4%), followed by microphthalmos, anophthalmos, and colobomas (Rahi, Sripathi, Gilbert, & Foster, 1995).
The final VA was improved in the second ten years compared with the first ten years (P < 0.05), and the proportion of phthisis bulbi
decreased from 10.4% in 1994-2003 to 7.8% in 2004-2013 (P < 0.05) (Table 3).
One case of phthisis bulbi
was noted in the context of contusion injuries of long duration.
Doencas oftalmologicas n % OD (a)/OE (b)/B (c) Ulcera de cornea 7 28 4/3/- Catarata 6 24 1/2/2003 Ceratoconjuntivite 4 16 2/1/2001 Conjuntivite 2 8 1/1/- Uveite recorrente equina 2 8 1/-/1 Carcinoma de celulas 1 4 -/1/- escamosas da terceira palpebra Ceratite 1 4 -/1/- Laceracao da palpebra com 1 4 1/-/- perda do globo ocular Phthisis bulbi
1 4 1/-/- Total 25 100 11/9/2005 (a) casos em que apenas o olho direito foi afetado; (b) casos em que apenas olho esquerdo foi afetado; (c) casos em que ambos os olhos foram afetados.
Patients with delayed treatment suffer rapidly progressive retinal necrosis; exudative, rhegmatogenous, or tractional detachment may occur, with possible outcomes as severe as phthisis bulbi
. Treatment delay of more than 14 days after symptom onset has been reported as one of the factors associated with poor prognosis.
Complications Number of events N/N (a) (proportion, %) (%) Ocular complications Cataract 41 (29.5) 12.9 Ocular HTN 15 (10.8) 4.7 PS 15 (10.8) 4.7 Chorioretinal scarring 12 (8.6) 3.8 ERM 12 (8.6) 3.8 ME 10 (7.2) 3.1 Optic disc atrophy 10 (7.2) 3.1 RD 8 (5.8) 2.5 PVR 5 (3.6) 1.6 Phthisis bulbi
4 (2.9) 1.3 Others 7 (5.0) 2.2 Total 139 (100) 43.7 Systemic adverse events Jarisch-Herxheimer 3 2.2 (of 136 reaction patients) ERM: epiretinal membrane; HTN: hypertension; ME: macular edema; PS: posterior synechiae; PVR: proliferative vitreoretinopathy; RD: retinal detachment; apercentage of eyes with ocular complications in a total of 318 eyes included in eight studies that reported complications.
The most common anterior ocular abnormalities in Asian elephants are corneal edema, conjunctivitis, phthisis bulbi
, anterior uveitis and lens abnormalities (Kraiwong et al, 2015).
Giant retinal tear and total retinal detachment (RD) in 1 (5.55%) and phthisis bulbi
in 1 (5.55%) patient.
Table 1 Classification of corneal degenerations Involutional Non-involutional Corneal arcus Band keratopathy Farinata Salzmann's nodular degeneration Furrow degeneration Spheroidal degeneration Crocodile Shagreen Terrien's marginal degeneration Table 2 Local and systemic causes of band keratopathy Local Systemic Chronic uveitis Hyperparathyroidism Intraocular silicone oil Renal failure Interstitial keratitis Excessive vitamin D intake Topical medications (phosphate containing) Sarcoidosis Juvenile dopathic arthritis Milk-alkali syndrome with uveitis Phthisis bulbi