phthalates


Also found in: Dictionary, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

phthalates

(thăl′ātes)
Chemical compounds used to improve the flexibility of plastics. In health care, phthalates are used in devices such as intravenous tubing. They are also used in numerous consumer goods, including nail polish, soaps, shampoos, and vinyl, among many others. Some evidence suggests these compounds may have carcinogenic, endocrine disruptive, or other toxic effects on adults or the developing fetus.
References in periodicals archive ?
The CFS collected a total of 317 food samples including beverages, dairy products, fish, meat, vegetables, fruits, cereals, edible oils and condiments for testing of the levels of seven phthalates with reference to their Health-Based Guidance Values (HBGVs) available internationally.
Not only did we test these three we gave them a star rating that is comparative against the very best-of-the-best phthalates.
The results from the two models we used to assess periods of vulnerability to phthalates provided similar observations, suggesting that our results were robust to assumptions made by each of the models.
They controlled the sample for socio-demographic, dietary, and behavioral factors, and sure enough, the higher the concentration of phthalates, the more likely the woman was to have diabetes.
He adds, "We are also seeing real pushback in Europe for no phthalates in wire and cable that go into toys and electronic gadgets.
5,6 Flooring of PVC leads to higher con-centrations of phthalates in the dust.
The list of materials containing phthalates is endless.
Air exposures to phthalates were high but below limits set for industrial workers.
Some phthalates have been linked to endocrine disruption and developmental and reproductive toxicity so preventing harmful ones ending up in toys and other childcare items is a priority.
They assessed the women's exposure to four phthalates--DnBP, DiBP, di-2-ethylhexyl phthalate, and diethyl phthalate--in the third trimester of pregnancy by measuring levels of the chemicals' metabolites in urine.
The reason phthalates are added to plastics is to keep them from ageing too quickly.
Phthalates (pronounced thol-htes) are a type of chemical used in many consumer products, including cheaper, mass-produced sex toys.