phthalate


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Related to phthalate: Dioctyl phthalate, Diisodecyl Phthalate, Diethyl Phthalate, Dibutyl phthalate

phthalate

(thăl′āt′, fthăl′-, thā′lāt′, fthā′-)
n.
1. A salt, ester, or anion of phthalic acid.
2. Any of a group of esters of phthalic acid that are widely used in the manufacture of plastics and as synthetic additives in perfumes and cosmetics. These chemicals have been linked to reproductive and hormonal abnormalities in animals, including humans.
References in periodicals archive ?
The data may help explain high phthalate levels seen in babies treated in neonatal intensive care units (SN: 8/13/05, p.
In addition to the analytical part, the report provides a range of tables and figures which all together give a true insight into the national, regional and global markets for dioctyl phthalate.
Some phthalates have been linked to endocrine disruption and developmental and reproductive toxicity so preventing harmful ones ending up in toys and other childcare items is a priority.
Phthalates may reduce the production of androgens by the testis and rodent studies have demonstrated that DEHP and dibutyl phthalate (DBP) disrupt androgen signaling when administered in the critical window for the development of the reproductive tract (MacLeod et al.
The range of phthalate metabolite exposures measured in the mothers was not unusual: it was within what the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention observed in a national sample.
The need to replace traditional phthalate plasticizers without sacrificing product performance is creating challenges for Europe s polysulfide sealant formulators and manufacturers, said Carlos Alvarado, Eastman s Specialty Plasticizers business manager.
Phthalates aren't just causing concern in Europe; for example, in the US a scientific panel recently expressed their concern about the impact some phthalates could be having on male reproductive organ development.
The study, published online in the American Journal of Respiratory Care and Critical Care Medicine, found the association between butylbenzyl phthalate exposure and airway inflammation was especially strong among children who had recently reported the common asthma symptom of wheezing.
The study examined a possible association between diabetes and levels of certain phthalates in women.
The study is the first to use exhaled nitric oxide in a study of phthalate exposure in children.
Some exposures are intentional, while others are inadvertent, such as exposure to phthalate esters ("phthalates" hereafter), a chemical class about which concern has emerged in recent years, owing to the high levels measured in people and the environment, in addition to the demonstrated toxicity in animal studies.