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74) These initiatives were the major means by which the freethinkers sought to popularize the "sciences" of phrenology and animal magnetism (hypnotism) and their secular rationalist methodologies for the working class.
Both phrenology and moral management were bound up with the nineteenth-century theory of faculty psychology.
Although I enjoyed most of the movie's illuminating scenes that forced movie goers to remember and reflect on the great enslavement (Maafa) of African descended people, the dinner table scene surrounding the pseudo-science of phrenology left a lasting and deep imprint on the brain inside my skull.
Far from rejecting science as a whole, these figures sought to link "scientific revolution" to race revolution by incorporating phrenology, mesmerism, physiology, and other fields of popular science into their acts and lectures.
development of not only seemingly tenuous sciences like phrenology or
Mauro sometimes falls into the jargon of art history, or spends a bit too much time on the historical context of phrenology and the prevailing racism of the time.
The discovery is reminiscent of phrenology, the Victorian belief that personal characteristics are revealed in the shape of the head.
While phrenology and other physical characteristics have since been scientifically discredited as a cause or explanation for criminal behaviour, these men did help pave the way for more modern theories.
Phrenology or the art of interpreting the shape of a person's head to define personality traits was very popular at the turn of the century.
Chapter three delves into the mind/soul/body and includes brief discussions on the wholists versus localization debate, phrenology, as well as addressing the relatively new field of neurotheology.