photoreceptor cell


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photoreceptor cell

n.
1. Any of the rod cells present in the retina of the eye.
2. Any of the cone cells present in the retina.
References in periodicals archive ?
Multiple, parallel cellular suicide mechanisms participate in photoreceptor cell death.
However, short-term and longterm light exposure differs in the molecular pathways that lead to photoreceptor cell death.
Survival of some photoreceptor cells in albino rats following long-term exposure to continuous light.
Work from this study indicates that intravitreally administered Palomid 529 slows photoreceptor cell death following retinal detachment in a seven day rabbit study without obvious side effects to the retina.
Tests for visual function were performed at 60 and 90 days after birth, times at which loss of photoreceptor cells has produced characteristic vision deficits.
And because mammalian photoreceptor cells so far appear incapable of significant regeneration, visual recovery for these people remains impossible today.
NASDAQ: CEPH) today reported preclinical data on the activity of novel small-peptide fragments of insulin-like growth factor-II (IGF-II) in promoting the survival of retinal photoreceptor cells essential to normal vision.
For almost 15 years, scientists had favored a hypothetical description of this cascade in which light released calcium from storage within a photoreceptor cell, and this "messenger" calcium interacted with channels in the outer membrane to produce the electrical signal.
Cone transplant represents a therapeutic solution for retinal pathologies caused by the degeneration of photoreceptor cells," Bernier explained.
The findings come from a study by an international team of scientists, including researchers in Oxford, Sheffield and London, which showed that gene therapy can provide long-term protection for photoreceptor cells in an animal model of retinitis pigmentosa.
Bipolar cells collect light information from these photoreceptor cells and pass it to the ganglion cells, which send it on to the visual processing areas in the brain.
Autosomal dominant retinitis pigmentosa (adRP) is one form of retinitis pigmentosa (RP), a group of inherited diseases that cause a decline in vision as photoreceptor cells in the retina degenerate.