phosphorylase


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phosphorylase

 [fos-for´ĭ-lās]
an enzyme that, in the presence of inorganic phosphate, catalyzes the conversion of glycogen into glucose-1-phosphate.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

phos·phor·y·lase

(fos-fōr'i-lās),
An enzyme cleaving poly(1,4-α-d-glucosyl)n with orthophosphate to form poly(1,4-α-d-glucosyl)n-1 and α-d-glucose 1-phosphate. The active form of the enzyme is a phosphorylated protein.
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

phosphorylase

(fŏs′fər-ə-lās′, -lāz′)
n.
Any of a class of enzymes that catalyze the attachment of a phosphate group to another molecule.
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

phos·phor·y·lase

(fos-fōr'i-lās)
A phosphorylated enzyme cleaving poly(1,4-α-d-glucosyl)n with inorganic phosphate to form poly(1,4-α- d-glucosyl)n-1 and α-d-glucose 1-phosphate.
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
The results of IOF of CrPyr on glycogen synthase and glycogen phosphorylase mRNA expressions in the thigh muscle are shown in Table 9.
Phosphorylase kinase is the key enzyme in glycogen metabolism; if this enzyme is inhibited then autocrine effect as cell growth factor is also inhibited, which affects the cell proliferation disturbance.
M: Molecular weights marker: rabbit phosphorylase B 97.4 KD, serum bovine albumin 66.2 KD, ovalbumin 42.7 KD, carbonic anhydrase 31.0 KD and lysozyme 14.4 KD; higher numbers indicate days after hatching.
Thymidine phosphorylase induces carcinoma cell oxidative stress and promotes secretion of angiogenic factors.
Methylthioadenosine phosphorylase (MTAP) is responsible to catalyze the reversible phosphorolytic cleavage of methylthioadenosine, a polyamine biosynthesis subproduct, producing methylthioribose-1-phosphate (MTRP) and adenine.
[alpha]-Actinin-3 deficiency results in reduced glycogen phosphorylase activity and altered calcium handling in skeletal muscle.
(School of Pharmacy): "Evaluation of transdermal delivery of thymidine phosphorylase inhibitors on inhibition of thrombosis"
Clove extract contains polyphenols that can regulate glycogen phosphorylase, the enzyme responsible for releasing glucose into the bloodstream that is stored in the liver and muscles in the form of glycogen.
Membranes were blocked in 5% nonfat dairy milk in TTBS (10 mM Tris, 100 mM NaCl, and 0.1% Tween-20, pH 7.5) for 1 hour and incubated overnight at 4[degrees]C with primary antibodies (Cell Signaling: Hsp70 1 : 4000, glycogen synthase 1:1000; Abcam: glycogen phosphorylase 1:2000, SERCA2 1 : 1000; Santa Cruz: glucose-6-phosphotase 1 : 200) diluted in TTBS with 2% nonfat dairy milk.
Platelet-derived endothelial cell growth factor/thymidine phosphorylase immunohistochemical expression in lymphoid tissue and lymphoid malignancies.
The treatment outcomes of the two groups were compared by detecting the levels of glycogen phosphorylase isoenzyme BB (GPBB), cTn-I and CK-MB, MRI results and Neonatal Behavioral Neurological Assessment (NBNA) scores before and after treatment.