27), (29) While choline presents itself in the diet in phosphatide
molecules, the ability of the body to synthesize choline from ethanolamine and methyl groups is sometimes subject to compromise, or it may be inadequate to meet needs.
Dietary supplementation with uridine-5'-monophosphate (UMP), a membrane phosphatide
precursor, increases acetylcholine level and release in striatum of aged rat.
Also zinc is part of some enzymes structure, such as: Alkaline Phosphatase, phosphatides
lipase, Carboxypeptidase, RNA polymerase, Dehydrogenase and Aldolase (Pandy et al, 2002).
Crude oil, when extracted from vegetable, animal tissues and other sources are found to contain a number of impurities like free fatty acids, phosphatides
, metal ions, waxes, oxidation products, colour bodies, which should be removed from the oil to make it suitable for human consumption and bio-fuel production.
72), (73) The phosphatides
containing choline and ethanolamine are important in maintaining cell membrane fluidity.
A focus on neurotransmitters using supplements containing S-adenosyl-methionine to increase serotonin, dopamine and phosphatides
would be one strategy that a naturopath could take (20).