phosphatase


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Related to phosphatase: alkaline phosphatase, acid phosphatase

phosphatase

 [fos´fah-tās]
any of a group of enzymes capable of catalyzing the hydrolysis of esterified phosphoric acid, with liberation of inorganic phosphate, found in practically all tissues, body fluids, and cells, including erythrocytes and leukocytes.
acid phosphatase see acid phosphatase.
alkaline phosphatase see alkaline phosphatase.

phos·pha·tase

(fos'fă-tās),
Any of a group of enzymes (EC 3.1.3.x) that liberate orthophosphate from phosphoric esters.
See also: phosphohydrolases.

phosphatase

/phos·pha·tase/ (-tās) any of a group of enzymes that catalyze the hydrolytic cleavage of inorganic phosphate from esters.

phosphatase

(fŏs′fə-tās′, -tāz′)
n.
Any of numerous enzymes that catalyze the removal of phosphate groups by hydrolysis of phosphate ester bonds. They act in the opposite manner to kinases and are important in metabolism and cell signaling.

phosphatase

[fos′fətāz]
an enzyme that acts as a catalyst in chemical reactions involving phosphorus. It is present in serum, semen, the kidney, and the prostate. It is essential in the calcification of bone. See also catalyst, enzyme.

phos·pha·tase

(fos'fă-tās)
Any of a group of enzymes (EC sub-subclass 3.1.3) that liberate inorganic phosphate from phosphoric esters.

phosphatase

An enzyme that removes phosphate groups from a molecule.

phosphatase

an enzyme that catalyses the release of phosphate from a molecule. For example, in the mammalian liver phosphorylated glucose can be broken down to glucose with a phosphatase enzyme. see GLYCOGEN.

phos·pha·tase

(fos'fă-tās)
Any of a group of enzymes (EC sub-subclass 3.1.3) that liberate inorganic phosphate from phosphoric esters.

phosphatase(s) (fos´fətās),

n a group of enzymes that are distributed throughout most cells and body fluids and are characterized by their ability to hydrolyze a wide variety of monophosphate esters to alcohols and inorganic phosphate.
phosphatase, acid,
n a group of phosphatases (e.g., serum, liver, prostate) with optimal activity below a pH level of 7. Elevated serum levels have been observed in metastatic breast and prostatic cancer; Paget's, Gaucher's, and Niemann-Pick diseases and in myelocytic leukemia.
phosphatase, alkaline,
n a group of phosphatases (e.g., serum, liver, bone) whose optimal activity ranges near a pH level of 9.8. Elevated blood levels occur in Paget's disease and pregnancy, whereas low levels are characteristic of dwarfism and a generalized nutritional protein deficiency.

phosphatase

any of a group of enzymes capable of catalyzing the hydrolysis of esterified phosphoric acid, with liberation of inorganic phosphate, found in practically all tissues, body fluids and cells, including erythrocytes and leukocytes.

acid phosphatase
a lysosomal enzyme that hydrolyzes phosphate esters liberating phosphate, showing optimal activity at a pH between 3 and 6; found in erythrocytes, prostatic tissue, spleen, kidney and other tissues.
alkaline phosphatase
an isoenzyme showing optimal activity at a pH of about 10; found in bone, liver, kidney, leukocytes, adrenal cortex and other tissues, often used in clinical diagnosis of liver and/or bone damage. Called also AP; see also alkaline phosphatase.
phosphatase inhibitor-1
inhibitor of phosphatase enzymes known to activate glycogen synthesis or inactivate glycogen breakdown. Need to themselves be phosphorylated by cAMP-dependent kinases before they are effective in their inhibitory activity.
References in periodicals archive ?
This study documents a phosphatase evaluation method using greenhouse-and field-grown excised roots as the source of native phosphatases to access their ability to mineralise various sources of organic P by following the fate of inorganic P generated by mineralisation.
Prof Hong Wan Jin, Executive Director of IMCB, said, "Dmitry has been the pioneering driver in the mechanistic study of Wip1 phosphatase, and this discovery is monumental in providing novel understanding on the role of Wip1 in cancer at the genomic and systems levels.
Flow cytometry of leucocyte alkaline phosphatase in normal and pathologic leucocytes.
In current study obtained that adding different levels of canola oil to turkey chick's diet have different effects on alkaline phosphatase activity on several regions of small intestine, there are many studies that confirm this result.
Potent and specific inhibitors for PPP are usually used to investigate the role of phosphatase function in cellular behavior and survival.
2+] sensitization was mainly due to modulation of MLC phosphatase activity (Fukata et al.
Interpretation and clinical significance of alkaline phosphatase isoenzyme patterns.
Prometic will also receive royalties in relation to the sale of alkaline phosphatase manufactured using ProMetic's technology and revenues from the supply of Mimetic Ligand(TM).
Extracellular enzymes like acid and alkaline phosphatase can be stabilised in a 3-dimensional network of organo-mineral complexes and maintain their activities (Burns 1982).
The purpose of our experimentation at this time was to characterize the normal pattern of the enzymes amylase and acid phosphatase in the serum of normal fertile rabbits during estrus, postovulation (24, 72 hr.
Serum osteocalcin and bone alkaline phosphatase, markers of bone formation, did not change in these women.
Recently, SptP, a bacterial protein encoded within SPI1, has been shown to be translocated into the host epithelial cell, where it modulates the host actin cytoskeleton through its tyrosine phosphatase activity (37) (Figure 2B).