phosgene


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phosgene

 [fos´jēn]
a suffocating and highly poisonous war gas, carbonyl chloride, COCl2.

phos·gene (CG),

(fos'jēn),
Carbonyl chloride; a colorless liquid below 8.2°C, but an extremely poisonous gas at ordinary temperatures; it is an insidious gas, given that it is not immediately irritating, even when fatal concentrations are inhaled; more than 80% of World War I's chemical agent fatalities were caused by phosgene.

phos·gene

(fos'jēn)
Carbonic dichloride, COCl2; a colorless liquid at temperatures below 8.2°C, but an extremely poisonous gas at ordinary temperatures; more than 80% of World War I's chemical-agent fatalities were caused by this gas (NATO Code GG).
References in periodicals archive ?
It is perhaps due to the lack of experimental data reported in the literature because one of the reactants, phosgene, is a chemical that is extremely difficult to be handled safely due to its toxicity in any academic research laboratories and the only source of possible experimental data would be either pilot plants or commercial plants for polycarbonate manufacturing.
According to the report, the chemical al-Sakat was ordered to use, he said, was not sarin, which was used in the now-infamous August 21 attack outside Damascus, but phosgene, a chemical first used in WWI that causes severe respiratory problems.
Sakat's most compelling information was his account of being ordered to use the toxic chemical phosgene in the Der area of southern Syria last year.
It detects all the chemical agents the military requires--nerve, blood and blister--and toxic industrial chemicals such as ammonia, boron trichloride, phosgene, nitric acid, sulfur dioxide and hydrogen cyanide.
This action alone probably produced a good quantity of phosgene, a WWI poison gas.
Yperite, phosgene, Chloropicrine ou aussi [beaucoup moins que]Arrahj[beaucoup plus grand que] (poison artisanal) comme cela fut baptise localement ...
The victims were feared to be suffering from the effects of phosgene, a highly poisonous gas that may have been given off in the blaze.
Mitsui Chemicals will provide all its manufacturing technology for TDI using toluene as a starting material and for intermediates DNT, TDA, and phosgene, as well as its manufacturing technology for MDI using benzene as a starting material, and intermediates nitrobenzene, aniline, MDA, and phosgene.
The briefing noted that Germany's highly developed chemical industry had already created large stocks of mustard and phosgene gas, which were said to be on the move.
It will leverage SABIC's world-class advanced polycarbonate technology using phosgene and Dichloromethane free process.
The new plant will make PC using a phosgene and dichloromethane-free process: before SABIC bought it GE Plastics had plans to make Lexan in China using a phosgene-free process, but in cooperation with PetroChina.
Some of the more common constituents of smoke and fumes are cyanide, carbon monoxide, hydrogen sulfide, phosgene, dioxin, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), hydrochloric acid, hydrofluoric acid, sulphuric acid, sulfur dioxide, ammonia, and a few hundred other nasty compounds.