phonologic disorder

phonologic disorder

[fō·nə·loj′i·k]
a communication disorder of unknown cause, characterized by failure to use age- and dialect-appropriate sounds in speaking, with errors in the selection, production, or articulation of sounds. The most common errors are omissions, substitutions, and distortions of speech sounds.

developmental phonological disorder

Any of a group of speech disorders which affect children’s ability to develop easily understood speech by age 4. Developmental phonological disorders are characterised by difficulty in learning and organising sounds needed for clear speech, reading and spelling. They are often familial, and may occur with other communication disorders—e.g., stuttering, specific language impairment, or developmental speech apraxia.

phonologic disorder

Speech disorder Speech pathology A disorder characterized by failure to use speech sounds appropriate for the person's age and dialect; PDs are more common in boys–10% < age 8, 0.5% > age 17 Etiology Genetics, low socioeconomic status, large family
References in periodicals archive ?
7% of the children evaluated had a phonologic disorder.
The objective of this study was to assess the lexical proficiency and the incidence of phonologic disorders in the language of children infected with HIV.
Descriptive studies have also shown an association of phonologic disorders with the amount of disfluencies and stuttering severity (Arndt & Healey, 2001; Yaruss, La Salle, & Conture, 1998).
Chapter Four, "Etiology/Factors Related to Phonologic Disorders," examines various factors that have been studied in terms of their relation ship to the presence and/or maintenance of disordered phonology.