Diagnosis of the phonological type of SSD demands that the professional have previous knowledge of the typical patterns of phonologic
acquisition, as well as of the adequate assessing tools to indicate a diagnosis hypothesis.
The wiring required for phonologic
inspection, the sound structure of spoken words, was not properly installed before I was born.
The deficit presented by dyslexic individuals is neither uniquely linguistic, as advocated by the Phonologic
Theory, nor directly caused by the auditory perceptual change as postulated by the Auditory Deficit Theory.
, and morphologic skills in reading-disabled and normal children: evidence from perception and production of spoken Hebrew.
distinctly unnatural language: Its phonologic
These evidence-based strategies include semantic and phonologic
cues [18-19], orthographic labels , repetition , and delayed recall/spaced retrieval training .
Descriptive studies have also shown an association of phonologic
disorders with the amount of disfluencies and stuttering severity (Arndt & Healey, 2001; Yaruss, La Salle, & Conture, 1998).
It manifests deficits in phonologic
awareness, "Phoneme": smallest discernible segment of speech, "bat" consists of three phonemes: /b/ /ae/ /t/ (buh, h, tuh).
Early Reading Intervention (Pearson/Scott Foresman, 2004) is a supplemental small-group intervention program with evidence of efficacy (e.g., Simmons et al., 2011) that explicitly teaches phonologic
, alphabetic, decoding, spelling, and sentence-reading skills for kindergarten students with early reading risk.
Youth with or at-risk of E/BD need early intervention focused on phonologic
and other language abilities.
error distributions in the Iowa-Nebraska Articulation Norms Project: Word-initial consonant clusters.
(Ceiling effects are clearly evident.) Both the TAPS-3 and Woodcock-Johnson include sound blending as part of a composite score; the TAPS-3 provides a Phonologic
Index and the Woodcock-Johnson an Auditory Processing Factor.