NATO phonetic alphabet

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Related to phonetic alphabet: Phonetic spelling, International Phonetic Alphabet

NATO phonetic alphabet

A pronunciation alphabet used to relay precise word spelling over radio transmissions and telecommunication lines.

The first iteration of a spelling alphabet was created by the International Civil Aviation Organization in the mid-1920s to facilitate safe and efficient air traffic communication, evolved until the mid-1950s and has been the spelling standard for virtually all national and international organisations since the 1960s.

NATO phonetic alphabet
A—Alpha
B—Bravo
C—Charlie
D—Delta
E—Echo
F—Foxtrot
G—Golf
H—Hotel
I—India
J—Juliet
K—Kilo
L—Lima
M—Mike
N—November
O—Oscar
P—Papa
Q—Quebec
R—Romeo
S—Sierra
T—Tango
U—Uniform
V—Victor
W—Whiskey
X—X-ray
Y—Yankee
Z—Zulu

Exceptions to the NATO phonetic alphabet
Delta becomes Data, Dixie or David at airports with high Delta Air Lines traffic, to avoid confusion with the airline’s callsign.

Lima becomes London in Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia and Singapore, where “lima” means five.

Whiskey becomes White or Washington in Muslim countries where alcohol consumption is banned.

India becomes Indigo or Italy in Pakistan due to ongoing conflicts with India.
References in periodicals archive ?
At 18 months, she could count to 20, recite nursery rhymes, knew the phonetic alphabet and could name six capital cities.
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These units are unstable compared with the units based on the phonetic alphabet in literate cultures.
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Appended are: (1) Pinyin and Its Pronunciation; (2) IPA (International Phonetic Alphabet); (3) Grammatical Differences between Chinese and English; (4) Teaching Plan (1); (5) Teaching Plan (2); (6) Survey Narratives; and (7) Teaching Survival Kit.
Sidney Allen (4) in which he uses symbols of the International Phonetic Alphabet. According to this system, both cs in cepacia would be pronounced hard (like English k); the first vowel, e, would be long (approximately as in Received Pronunciation of gate); the second, a, would also be long (approximately as in RP father); i (as in dip) and a would be short; and the stress would fall on the second syllable.
The book also includes an (incomplete) table of the French phonetic alphabet as an appendix; a helpful glossary; a bibliography (limited to works cited); and an index.
Professors might consider using the phonetic alphabet (the International Phonetic Alphabet, or IPA) and having their students learn it as well.
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Such a recording is especially important, because Artmann transcribes these poems in his own written version of the dialect spoken in the Vienna district of Breitensee and not according to the basic rules of the International Phonetic Alphabet, a system the outside reader could re-create.
The dispassionate march of the phonetic alphabet has been displaced by the emotion-laden picture.