NATO phonetic alphabet

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Related to phonetic alphabet: Phonetic spelling, International Phonetic Alphabet

NATO phonetic alphabet

A pronunciation alphabet used to relay precise word spelling over radio transmissions and telecommunication lines.

The first iteration of a spelling alphabet was created by the International Civil Aviation Organization in the mid-1920s to facilitate safe and efficient air traffic communication, evolved until the mid-1950s and has been the spelling standard for virtually all national and international organisations since the 1960s.

NATO phonetic alphabet
A—Alpha
B—Bravo
C—Charlie
D—Delta
E—Echo
F—Foxtrot
G—Golf
H—Hotel
I—India
J—Juliet
K—Kilo
L—Lima
M—Mike
N—November
O—Oscar
P—Papa
Q—Quebec
R—Romeo
S—Sierra
T—Tango
U—Uniform
V—Victor
W—Whiskey
X—X-ray
Y—Yankee
Z—Zulu

Exceptions to the NATO phonetic alphabet
Delta becomes Data, Dixie or David at airports with high Delta Air Lines traffic, to avoid confusion with the airline’s callsign.

Lima becomes London in Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia and Singapore, where “lima” means five.

Whiskey becomes White or Washington in Muslim countries where alcohol consumption is banned.

India becomes Indigo or Italy in Pakistan due to ongoing conflicts with India.
References in periodicals archive ?
At just two years and four months, Elise can spell her name aloud, read words Mummy and Daddy, recognise drawn letters, name all three types of triangle, name 35 capital cities, draw a circle, recite the phonetic alphabet, recite the normal alphabet, count to 10 in Spanish, count to 20, and do very basic maths eg 1+2=3.
In addition, the phonetic alphabet allows very minute nuances of meaning to be stored, especially because meanings are clearly differentiated from printed texts (analogous to phenotype-genotype division).
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Such a recording is especially important, because Artmann transcribes these poems in his own written version of the dialect spoken in the Vienna district of Breitensee and not according to the basic rules of the International Phonetic Alphabet, a system the outside reader could re-create.
Attempting to disambiguate the terminological difficulties inherent in descriptions of sounds at a time before the rise of phonetics as a science, or the development of any agreed phonetic alphabet, Jones sets out schema of vowel and consonant realizations in as much detail as possible, whilst admitting that |precise phonetic identification [is] on many occasions an impossibility', and that |attempts to provide detail in this area should be regarded as tentative'.
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In the Nato phonetic alphabet, the letter "Z" is represented by which word?
In the NATO phonetic alphabet, which word represents the letter H?
Singers who are accustomed to using the International Phonetic Alphabet will rue the absence of phonetic transcriptions, and the volume does not include an overview of pronunciation.
6) In the original phonetic alphabet (Ack, Beer, Cork, etc.
In this edition, the editors go on to outline how to use the International Phonetic Alphabet to prepare students for the Praxis examination, and delve deeply into ESL teaching methods that capitalize on an understanding of linguistic theory.