impairment in parkinson's disease: evidence from nonlinear dynamic analysis and perturbation analysis," Journal of Voice, vol.
We hypothesize that measures from the four major speech subsystems (i.e., respiratory, phonatory
, articulatory, and resonatory) are individually and collectively more responsive than the system-level measures in detecting early changes in bulbar motor performance.
That led to a lighter and quicker vibration, reduction in glottal resistance and, phonatory
A surgical plan including repair of the fistula, and reconstruction of the laryngotracheal airway and phonatory
apparatus (larynx) was determined.
Kaiser, "Some observations on vocal tract operation from a fluid flow point of view," in Vocal Fold Physiology: Biomechanics, Acoustics, and Phonatory
This leads to problems at the respiratory, phonatory
, articulatory, resonator and / or prosodic level, which may appear individually, or in various combinations, depending on the extent and location of the lesion (Darley, Aronson, & Brown, 1969a, 1969b, 1975).
Vocal folds, commonly known as vocal cords, are the vibrating structures of the phonatory
process that stretch across the larynx, and are driven by air expelled from the lungs.
The first one, "Sounds produced by living creatures", is characterised by the manner in which the sound is produced, whether by using the phonatory
organs, which is the default value, by the intervention of other organs, which usually is related to certain body conditions (breathing, expelling air or gnashing one's teeth), or like an animal.
Chapter One, "Physiology of Phonation" by Robert Fawcus, is about the co-ordination between phonatory
and articulatory behaviors.
Perceptual measures of fatigue using the Vocal Fatigue Index (VTI) (6) and a visual analog scale of perceived phonatory
effort (PPE) were assessed at four time points, the last of which was recital performance.
The same occurs regarding individuals who are voice professionals and need adequate pneumo-phono-articulatory coordination  to avoid overcharging one of the voice production levels --usually the glottic or phonatory
level--, possibly developing laryngeal organic-functional lesions [4,7,11,14,17].
Our objective is to report on the prevalence of phonatory
symptoms and impact on quality of life in a group of female patients with goiter who had not been selectedfor surgery or who had not presented to the emergency room with respiratory distress.